Paraguay

In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

The factors that caused this complex and system of land tenure are multiple. One of them is legislation regarding land ownership and access for the peasant and indigenous populations. However, it is important to mention that the current legislation has positive and negative characteristics. What aggravates the rural population’s situation is the way in which these laws are applied in practice by relevant agencies, where in certain respects they are rigorously enforced while in others the laws only exists on paper, as they are systematically violated to the detriment of peasants and indigenous people.

Indicators

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

Loading map...

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Compare countries

Loading chart...

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Loading spider chart
Loading pie chart

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT)


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

29 November 2017
Paraguay

BOGOTA, Nov 28 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Indigenous groups in Paraguay, battling to protect their ancestral lands from expanding agriculture and cattle ranching, launched the first online map of their territory on Tuesday.

Paraguay’s beef and soy export industries are the main drivers of deforestation in the fast-growing South American nation, often coming into conflict with some 120,000 indigenous people, the World Resources Institute (WRI), a think tank, said.

25 September 2017
Paraguay

The following is an English-translation of a Spanish-language article by Jazmín Acuña, originally published by Kurtural.

The Chaco region, which stretches across parts of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina, has the world's highest rate of deforestation, caused by logging for the production of charcoal and the expansion of grazing land for livestock.

1 September 2017
Paraguay

NGO Earthsight reports charcoal from the Chaco region has been sold in Aldi, Lidl and Carrefour in Spain and Germany

No tropical forests anywhere in the world are being destroyed more rapidly than the Chaco stretching across Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Not the Amazon in Brazil, nor in Indonesia, Malaysia or the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Debate

Closed
23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
Facilitators
Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
Maria Luisa Alvarado
Latin America and the Caribbean
Bolivia
Colombia
Ecuador
Paraguay
Peru
Closed
23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
Facilitators
Alejandro Diez
gonzalocolque
Sergio Coronado
Juan Pablo Chumacero
Latin America and the Caribbean
South America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Venezuela

Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.

Library

Displaying 13 - 18 of 506
Journal Articles & Books
September 2016
Estonia
El Salvador
Chile
Guatemala
Australia
Jamaica
Bolivia
Cuba
Venezuela
Costa Rica
Uruguay
Nicaragua
Madagascar
Colombia
Ecuador
Netherlands
Argentina
Paraguay
Mexico
Brazil
South America

La quinua es un ejemplo extraordinario de un cultivo que pasó de ser considerado olvidado a un cultivo de interés y consumo mundial, tanto es así que la Organización de las Naciones Unidas declararon el año 2013 el Año Internacional de la Quinua. Como todo cultivo en expansión, las plagas y enfermedades asociadas a este cultivo se constituyen en un serio factor restrictivo.

Reports & Research
August 2016
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Paraguay
Peru

Minutes of the Experts Group Meeting about Land Governance and Security of Tenure in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Reports & Research
July 2016
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Paraguay
Peru

Presentación de Paola Siclari Introducción de la Reunión de Expertos ? Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo en América Latina y Caribe

Reports & Research
July 2016
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Paraguay
Peru

Draft report of the Scoping Study about ?Responsible Governance and Secure Tenure of Urban and Peri-Urban Land in Latin America and the Caribbean: Analysis of 10 Countries?, discussed during the Experts Group Meeting held in San José, Costa Rica, July 2016. This study aims to generate recommendations for partnerships, collaboration, and action to advancing responsible governance, and land tools for access to and secure land tenure, and contribute to the effective implementation of the New Agenda Urbana in the Latin America and Caribbean region.

Reports & Research
July 2016
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Paraguay
Peru

Reporte preliminar del estudio 'Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo de Áreas Urbanas y Peri-Urbanas en América Latina y el Caribe: Análisis de 10 países?. El estudio busca generar recomendaciones para alianzas, colaboración, y acción entre diferentes sectores con el objetivo de avanzar en gobernancia responsable, instrumentos de suelos para el acceso y tenencia segura, y contribuir a una efectiva implementación de la Nueva Agenda Urbana en la región América Latina y Caribe.

Reports & Research
July 2016
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Ecuador
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Paraguay
Peru

Nota Conceptual de la Reunión de Expertos ?Conceptos, Contextos y Soluciones para la Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo en América Latina y Caribe?, realizada en San José, Costa Rica, Julio 2016. Participaran de la reunión expertos y representantes de diversos sectores (públicos, academia, OSC, privado) para revisar el Reporte preliminar 'Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo de Áreas Urbanas y Peri-Urbanas en América Latina y el Caribe: Análisis de 10 países?.