Paraguay

In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

The factors that caused this complex and system of land tenure are multiple. One of them is legislation regarding land ownership and access for the peasant and indigenous populations. However, it is important to mention that the current legislation has positive and negative characteristics. What aggravates the rural population’s situation is the way in which these laws are applied in practice by relevant agencies, where in certain respects they are rigorously enforced while in others the laws only exists on paper, as they are systematically violated to the detriment of peasants and indigenous people.

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    25 September 2017
    Paraguay

    The following is an English-translation of a Spanish-language article by Jazmín Acuña, originally published by Kurtural.

    The Chaco region, which stretches across parts of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina, has the world's highest rate of deforestation, caused by logging for the production of charcoal and the expansion of grazing land for livestock.

    1 September 2017
    Paraguay

    NGO Earthsight reports charcoal from the Chaco region has been sold in Aldi, Lidl and Carrefour in Spain and Germany

    No tropical forests anywhere in the world are being destroyed more rapidly than the Chaco stretching across Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Not the Amazon in Brazil, nor in Indonesia, Malaysia or the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    15 March 2017
    Paraguay

    First, they were removed from their lands, then, recent years, the enormous deforestation of the area they live in practically destroyed the wild fauna and flora that are the basic means of traditional subsistence. Marilin Rehnfeldt

    Debate

    Closed
    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Closed
    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    South America
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Guyana
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 7 - 12 of 500
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Bangladesh
    Nigeria
    Chile
    Zimbabwe
    China
    Namibia
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Bolivia
    Austria
    Congo
    Venezuela
    Guinea
    Guyana
    Myanmar
    Portugal
    Argentina
    India
    Mongolia
    Paraguay
    Suriname

    Basándose en datos más completos y fiables como nunca antes, y abarcando 234 países y territorios, la Evaluación de los recursos forestales mundiales 2015 da evidencia de signos esperanzadores del logro de una gestión forestal mejorada y de una disminución de la deforestación en todas las regiones del mundo. Sin embargo, estas tendencias deben aún ser reforzadas, especialmente en los países que han quedado a la zaga.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Seychelles
    Rwanda
    Burkina Faso
    Kenya
    Burundi
    Togo
    Ghana
    Congo
    Djibouti
    Paraguay
    Gabon
    Africa

    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/8.1
    Session: Sess. 20

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Paraguay

    En la mayoría de los casos las iniciativas proponen la zonificación de la agricultura campesina, es decir, la definición de zonas de protección de esta agricultura y en contrapartida, de exclusión de los cultivos producidos en base a fumigaciones y semillas transgénicas.

    En la mayoría de los casos, además, no hay un solo actor social preponderante en la consecución de las ordenanzas, sino que varios actores -comités campesinos, pastorales, instituciones ambientalistas, concejales, comisiones vecinales…- que se articulan en plataformas para tener mayores resultados.

    Reports & Research
    November 2016
    Kenya
    Burkina Faso
    Costa Rica
    Honduras
    Iran
    Paraguay
    Myanmar
    Congo
    Guyana
    Sri Lanka
    Niger
    Uruguay
    Panama
    Nigeria

    Les forêts représentent bien plus que des arbres: elles sont fondamentales pour la sécurité alimentaire et l'amélioration des moyens d’existence. Lorsqu’elles sont gérées dans une optique durable, les forêts peuvent renforcer la résilience des communautés en fournissant des services économiques, sociaux et environnementaux fondamentaux, tels que l’alimentation, le bois-énergie, le logement, le fourrage et les fibres.

    Journal Articles & Books
    November 2016
    Nepal
    Burkina Faso
    Nigeria
    Kenya
    Nicaragua
    Uganda
    Mali
    France
    Botswana
    Bulgaria
    Suriname
    Paraguay
    Colombia
    Belize

    Les Directives volontaires pour la gouvernance responsable des terres, des pêches et des forêts dans le contexte de la sécurité alimentaire nationale reconnaissent que des investissements responsables des secteurs public et privé sont essentiels pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et appellent à des investissements qui protègent les usagers et les propriétaires fonciers contre la dépossession des droits fonciers légitimes.

    Journal Articles & Books
    November 2016
    France
    Nigeria
    Spain
    Luxembourg
    Sweden
    Denmark
    Sri Lanka
    Ireland
    China
    Congo
    Iceland
    Pakistan
    Finland
    Panama
    Laos
    Japan
    Vietnam
    Thailand
    Italy
    Cambodia
    Paraguay
    Norway
    Asia

    <p>This publication was prepared for ‘Income for coastal communities for mangrove protection’ project (2015-2016) which aimed to develop a low-cost mechanism enabling investors to responsibly promote mangrove conservation, carbon emissions reduction and sustainable development through the provision of funding to local communities. This report reviews sources of funding for mangrove protection with particular focus on Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam.