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In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

The factors that caused this complex and system of land tenure are multiple. One of them is legislation regarding land ownership and access for the peasant and indigenous populations. However, it is important to mention that the current legislation has positive and negative characteristics. What aggravates the rural population’s situation is the way in which these laws are applied in practice by relevant agencies, where in certain respects they are rigorously enforced while in others the laws only exists on paper, as they are systematically violated to the detriment of peasants and indigenous people.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    “We are all under threat”: Interview with Alicia Amarilla of Conamuri about land conflicts in Paraguay

    Monday, February 6, 2017

    Date: 4 February 2017

    Source: Radio Mundo Real

    The main conflicts in Paraguay are related to land and the territory, and peasant women are at the forefront of evictions, said Alicia Amarilla, leader of the National Coordination of Rural and Indigenous Women (CONAMURI), member of CLOC – Vía Campesina.

    Paraguay's Congress Seeks Solutions to Evicted Farmers

    Tuesday, January 10, 2017

    Residents were attacked by police forces Monday in order to evict them in Guahory, in the department of Caaguazu.

    Responding to the urgent request of Paraguayan campesinos, who were violently evicted from their land, Paraguay's Permanent Legislative Commission held a meeting with the National Institute of Rural and Land Development, INDRT, director Justo Cardenas to try to resolve the issue.

    Latin America, Caribbean could be first developing regions to eradicate hunger

    Wednesday, February 1, 2017

    By: Susan Reidy

    Date: 27 January 2017

    Source: World Grain 

    Latin America and the Caribbean could be the first developing regions to completely eradicate hunger if its governments further strengthen their implementation of a food security plan developed by the CELAC bloc, the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Director-General José Graziano da Silva said on Jan. 25.


    Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean

    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.


    Collective property in South America, challenges and prospects

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.




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    Defensa Territorial. Iniciativas locales

    En la mayoría de los casos las iniciativas proponen la zonificación de la agricultura campesina, es decir, la definición de zonas de protección de esta agricultura y en contrapartida, de exclusión de los cultivos producidos en base a fumigaciones y semillas transgénicas.

    En la mayoría de los casos, además, no hay un solo actor social preponderante en la consecución de las ordenanzas, sino que varios actores -comités campesinos, pastorales, instituciones ambientalistas, concejales, comisiones vecinales…- que se articulan en plataformas para tener mayores resultados.

    Resource information

    December 2016

    Nota Conceptual – Reunión de Expertos Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo en América Latina y Caribe

    Nota Conceptual de la Reunión de Expertos ?Conceptos, Contextos y Soluciones para la Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo en América Latina y Caribe?, realizada en San José, Costa Rica, Julio 2016. Participaran de la reunión expertos y representantes de diversos sectores (públicos, academia, OSC, privado) para revisar el Reporte preliminar 'Gobernanza Responsable y Tenencia Segura del Suelo de Áreas Urbanas y Peri-Urbanas en América Latina y el Caribe: Análisis de 10 países?.

    Resource information

    July 2016