Philippines

Philippines

The Philippines consists of 7,107 islands covering 300,000 square kilometers (30 million hectares), including 298,170 square kilometers of land and 1,830 square kilometers of water. Land distribution is highly skewed, and much of the land is moderately or severely eroded. Despite various land reforms, the majority of rural people remain landless, and there is a swelling urban population living in informal settlements. While considerable swaths of lands have been redistributed, the most productive and fertile private agricultural lands remain with wealthy private landowners. Lack of access to land and natural resources by the majority of the population is a key cause of poverty, a driver of conflict and an obstacle to national development.

The Philippines is rich in natural resources. The country is one of the world‘s 17 mega-diversity countries, although a large number of species are threatened or endangered. Forests, however, cover no more than a quarter of the land area, less than half of the forest cover in 1917. The current annual deforestation rate is about 2.1%. Widespread logging is responsible for much of the forest loss and degradation. Additional threats come from mining operations, clearing of forests for agriculture and settlements, collection of fuelwood, and poor management by the government and tenured stakeholders. Over exploitation of forest resources and inappropriate land-use practices have disrupted the hydrological condition of watersheds, resulting in accelerated soil erosion, the silting of rivers and valuable reservoirs, increased incidence and severity of flooding, destruction of coastal mangroves, and decreasing water supply.

The Philippines has some of the most extensive water resources in the world, although water quality has been severely degraded. Pollution from human trash, commercial agricultural chemicals, animal wastes and industrial wastes has led to 50 biologically dead and dying river systems. Over-extraction of groundwater has caused water levels to decline, wells and springs to dry up, and saltwater intrusion in coastal areas. Leaching of industrial, agrochemical and animal wastes, and infiltration of subsurface discharges from septic systems and polluted urban runoffs have caused groundwater contamination.

The Philippines is one of the world‘s most highly mineralized countries. Mineral lands are mostly in upland areas which are also rich biodiversity areas. Mining often leads to deforestation and destruction of ecological systems, subsidence, sinking and subsequent displacement of communities. The spilling of mine wastes and tailings causes flooding, damages farm lands, and results in the biological death of rivers.

 

English

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

Loading data ...

Compare countries

Mapping

Loading data ...

Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

  • Please, select year and panels to show the info.
Legend
  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Philippines: Bugkalot tribe receives land titles

By: Leander C. Domingo, TMT

Date: January 2nd 2017

Source: The Manila Times

NAGTIPUNAN, Quirino: For the Bugkalot tribe, it is a blessed New Year receiving their Certificates of Land Ownership (CLOA) as Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs) from Agrarian Reform Secretary Rafael Mariano.

Philippines: Farmers get back land from banana firm

By: Frinston Lim

Date: December 19th 2016

Source: Inquirer.net

TAGUM CITY – The Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) on Monday reinstated the ownership of the 145-hectare land to the 159 farmers under the Madaum Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Association Inc. (Marbai) in Barangay Madaum here.

The farmers were locked in a dispute with banana firm Lapanday Foods Corp. (LFC).

Philippines: Farmers decry 'landgrabbing' in Mindanao

By: Angelo Caballero
Date: November 16th 2016
Source: ABS News

DAVAO CITY - Over 600 farmers staged a protest in front of Lapanday Foods Corporation office in Barangay Pampanga to voice out their struggles over land rights Wednesday.

The agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs), who came from different parts of Mindanao want Lapanday to grant them the "government-awarded land" for them to return to farming and earn a living.

Latest Blog

Partners

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 133

Tipping the Balance: Policies to Shape Agricultural Investments and Markets in Favour of Small-scale Farmers

This report develops a framework to examine the role of policy at three levels: at the level of agricultural policy basics (Section 2); at the level of directly shaping investments (Section 3); and at the level of market governance (Section 4). The key policy levers are summarized in Table 1, and elaborated on at the end of each section. The work was supported by four country case studies, conducted in Guatemala, Nigeria, Tanzania, and the Philippines, and led by national researchers.

Resource information

December 2012

Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Philippines

This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

Resource information

December 2011