Peru shares the main land-related problems of several South American countries: the existence of very large landholdings (latifundios), on the one hand, and small landholdings (minifundios), on the other, in historical processes marked by the interests of actors such as landowners, agro-industrialists, peasants, and indigenous communities. However, unlike some neighboring countries, the dynamics of these elements are different due to a series of particular agricultural policies and their respective results, which have placed Peru as one of the main producers and exporters of agricultural crops in the region.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    5 May 2017


    Unlike the interests of big oil companies, the Wampis revere the sanctity of the forests and mountains in which they live.

    On November 29, 2015, the Wampis nation, an Indigenous community of Peru, declared plans to become an autonomous government. Now, Peru's first self-governing Indigenous community has won a major victory toward having their autonomy officially recognized.

    Rainbow over the Peruvian Amazon. Photo by Rhett Butler.
    10 April 2017

    New research provides yet more evidence that granting indigenous and other local communities formal title to their traditional lands can be a boon to efforts to conserve forests.

    Deforestation is responsible for as much as 10 percent of total global carbon emissions, which means that finding effective means of keeping forests standing is crucial to global efforts to halt climate change.

    5 February 2017

    Date: 2 February 2017

    Source: Reuters

    Severe droughts gripping Peru have given way to some of the country's most devastating downpours in decades, catching authorities off guard as they scramble to contain the kind of floods that climate change is expected to make more frequent.

    At least 20 people have died in rain-related events in Peru in recent weeks, including six miners buried under a landslide in southern Peru, said Juber Ruiz, with Peru's civil defense institute, on Thursday.

    Latest Blog

    Sergio Perea, president of the Tres Islas community in Peru, presenting Brazil nuts. Photo credit: Juan Carlos Huayllapuma/CIFOR

    By the Center for International Forestry Research  Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) 

    Peru - The indigenous community of Tres Islas in southeastern Peru seems to have it all—good fishing; a vast forest of timber, Brazil nut, palm and other trees; and natural beauty any ecotourist would pay to enjoy.

    But the villagers have learned that having communal land rights does not guarantee the enjoyment of all these rights.

    Latest Events

    1 December 2014 to 12 December 2014

    The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties and the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will be held from 1 to 12 December. COP 20/CMP 10 will be hosted by the Government of Peru, in Lima, Peru.

    For more information visit LIMA COP20 Website


    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 183
    October 2015

    La presente Resolución modifica la Norma para determinar los valores unitarios oficiales de terrenos urbanos a nivel nacional, por cuanto corresponde denominarlos Valores Arancelarios de Terrenos Urbanos a nivel nacional, y son utilizados como un componente para determinar el pago del impuesto predial, como conjunto de valores regulados de terrenos urbanos ubicados en las jurisdicciones a nivel nacional.

    June 2001

    La presente Resolución aprueba la Directiva que precisa la normatividad aplicable y establece normas que regulan el adecuado y uniforme procedimiento de inscripción de las Comunidades Nativas en el correspondiente libro del Registro de Personas Jurídicas.

    Implementa: Decreto Ley Nº 22.175 - Ley de Comunidades Nativas y de Desarrollo Agrario de la Selva y Ceja de Selva. (1978-05-09)
    Revocado por: Resolución Nº 122/13/SUNARP - Directiva que regula la Inscripción de los actos y derechos de las Comunidades Nativas. (2013-05-29)

    December 2015

    La presente Resolución aprueba los Lineamientos para la inmatriculación de predios a nombre del Estado para asumir titularidad sobre predios inscritos a nombre de cualquier entidad estatal con fines de formalización y titulación de la propiedad agraria, con el objeto de obtener el saneamiento físico legal de la propiedad agraria, garantizar una adecuada inmatriculación de predios a nombre del Estado, y la inscripción del nuevo titular sobre predios ya inscritos.

    August 2015

    La presente Resolución deroga la que aprueba la Norma para la determinación de valores oficiales de terrenos rústicos a nivel nacional, por subsistir conflicto de competencias administrativas.

    Revoca: Resolución Nº 225/12/VIVIENDA - Norma para la determinación de valores oficiales de terrenos rústicos a nivel nacional. (2012-10-23)

    July 2015

    La presente Resolución aprueba la Norma para la determinación de valores oficiales de terrenos rústicos a nivel nacional, que se expresan en nuevos Soles por unidad de superficie para cada una de las regiones geográficas, y dentro de éstas a nivel de departamentos, provincias y distritos.

    Enmendado por: Resolución Nº 015/15/VIVIENDA - Modifica la Norma para la determinación de valores oficiales de terrenos rústicos a nivel nacional. (2015-10-28)

    May 1964

    La presente Ley de Reforma Agraria tiene como finalidad la transformación de la estructura agraria del país y la facilitación de su desarrollo económico y social, mediante la sustitución del régimen de latifundio y minifundio por un sistema justo de propiedad, tenencia y explotación de la tierra.

    Revocado por: Decreto Ley Nº 17.716 - Ley de Reforma Agraria. (1969-06-24)