Land in Pakistan is highly concentrated, which is source of poverty and instability in the country. Land is considered the principal asset in the rural economy, but unequal access to land and inefficient systems of water management have contributed to land degradation, poverty and instability. In Pakistan, 63% of the total population is rural and 43% is landless and lacks access to water or an irrigation system.
The Constitution in Pakistan established that all laws must be aligned with the Qur’an. The constitution recognized the right to acquire, hold and dispose of property for every citizen. There are several formal laws governing land tenure in Pakistan, mostly concerning land transactions and registration. Customary laws differ among provinces and geographical subdivisions and are enforced by local tribunals.
Land disputes in Pakistan are prevalent in rural areas. A revenue court system resolves land conflicts related to land documentation, tenancy, land revenues and transactions; the court is also designed to provide local and rapid solutions for land conflicts. However, these entities have receive significant criticism for corruption as well as the complexity and time consuming nature of the system.