Nepal

NPL

Nepal

Nepal is a country rich in geographical, ethnic and social diversity. The majority of its population is Hindu, and the country is managed by a stratified and hierarchical structure that controls access to land and natural resources. 83% of the total population in Nepal is rural and 50% of the GDP depends on agriculture.

Land in Nepal is not equally distributed, which is an underlying reason for the conflict between the government and the communist party. The constitution of 2007 gives the right to own and sell property to every citizen, calls for the elimination of feudalism and prohibits the exploitation of people. Additionally,, the Land Act of 1964 gives to local offices the collection and control of taxes, transfers state land into private land, establishes ceilings on agricultural land and put in place a Commission on Land Use Regulation to address consolidation and fragmentation of land and provide incentives for farm cooperatives. The Peace Agreement of 2006 established the creation of a Land Reform Commission and the adoption of policies to provide land to landless and disadvantaged groups.

Despite these laws and agreements, land conflicts in Nepal are common due to land access and control of natural resources,the pressure on land following the significant migration that occurred during the conflict and disputes for the partition of land. Land disputes are resolved in formal courts, which may take from one to several years. However, the process is expensive and people who cannot afford the expenses generally pursue their claims in the District Revenue Department offices or in “People’s Courts”.

Source of the narrative

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    nepal flood slum
    22 August 2017
    Southern Asia
    Bangladesh
    India
    Nepal

    (CNN) More than 700 people are believed to have been killed in massive floods and landslides that have rocked Bangladesh, India and Nepal this month, aid workers say.

    It is the worst flooding that some parts of South Asia have seen in decades, with about 24 million people affected, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said.

    20 February 2017
    Nepal

    By: Mithilesh Yadav

    Date: 20 December 2017

    Source: My Republica

     

    Nepal

    By: Kalpana Jha
    Date: October 5th 2016
    Source: Kathmandu Post

    OPINION

    Nepal

    By: Republica
    Date: September 29th 2016
    Source: My República

    KATHMANDU, Sept 29: Experts have said that the private sector has a key role in ushering in well-managed urbanization in the country.

    Latest Blog

    Global
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Colombia
    Peru
    Asia
    Indonesia
    Nepal

    The recent World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, held this past March in Washington D.C., provided a unique opportunity to reflect on collective land tenure reforms not only from a research point of view, but also from that of governments.

    Latest Events

    23 April 2015 to 30 April 2015
    Nepal

    Source: IIED

     

    The International Institute for Environment and Development is pleased to announce the dates for the 9th annual International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation (CBA9), which will take place in Nairobi, Kenya from 23-30 April, 2015.

    The theme of the conference is 'Measuring and enhancing the effectiveness of adaptation'. The draft programme and details of how to register for the event will be published soon.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 770
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Nepal

    Protected areas, a corestone of biodiversity conservation, provide a vast array of ecosystem services to support livelihoods of people. However, protected areas, especially freshwater, are under threat with overexploitation of resources changing the land covers and degrading their capacity to supply services. Information on land cover changes and its implications on ecosystems, its services and people, especially in developing countries at a local scale, is largely absent.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Nepal

    Increased participation of local users in decision-making about forests and gaining benefits from these forests are major goals of the community forestry program in Nepal. However, there is a lack of real participation in community forest governance amongst users, particularly by poor and marginalised members. By employing a mixed-method approach, this research explores the issue of participation in the governance of community forests, and in particular the role of incentives in increasing participation.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Nepal

    Policy-makers are paying increasing attention to ecosystem services, given improved understanding that they underpin human well-being, and following their integration within the Aichi Targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Decision-makers need information on trends in biodiversity and ecosystem services but tools for assessing the latter are often expensive, technically demanding and ignore the local context.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Nepal
    Asia
    Southern Asia

    This study is undertaken to quantify the benefits of contract farming (CF) on farmers’ income in a case where new market opportunities are emerging for smallholder farmers in Nepal. CF is emerging as an important form of vertical coordination in the agrifood supply chain. The prospect for CF in a country like Nepal with accessibility issues, underdeveloped markets, and a lack of amenities remains ambiguous. Contractors find it difficult to build links in these cases, particularly when final consumers have quality and safety requirements.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Nepal
    Asia
    Southern Asia

    Growing inequality has become an important concern in many countries. One of the ways that inequality is perpetuated is through differential market access across regions. This research deals with one of the primary determinants of regional inequality manifested in terms of market access. Nepal is one country where hierarchical geography leads to regional inequality. Differential market access can cause as well as accentuate inequality among farmers.