NGA

Nigeria

Nigeria

English

Nigeria is a middle income country that primarily generates revenue through its natural resources, particularly the export of oil, which puts the country among the 10 larger exporters of oil in the world and represents one third of Nigeria’s GDP. However, Nigeria’s economy also depends on agriculture, which provides employment for more than half the rural population.

The Nigerian Constitution gives all citizens the right to acquire and own immovable property. The constitution also incorporates the provisions included in the Land Use Act of 1978 related to the reduction of land speculation, equitable access to land and the creation of a system of occupancy certificates, while encouraging productive use though the nationalization of land. However, the Land Use Act has rarely been implemented, mostly due to the fact that the majority of the population, especially rural people, are unaware of the act. Therefore, despite the Land Use Act, customary norms regulating land tenure prevail in Nigeria; the ownership and the use of land is generally assigned to communities and the administration of the land by village’s leaders is intended for the benefit of the community. Particularly in the north of Nigeria, customary law and Sharia law regulating land tenure have been somehow merged to create a type of hybrid system.

These systems have not prevented land disputes and conflicts from arising. Among the reasons for the increasing pressure on land and natural resources include the oil industry, disputes between pastoralists and sedentary farmers and conflicts among family members over rights of inheritance. Both formal and customary courts are entitled to resolve land disputes, yet these processes may be complex and take a long time to resolve.

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    Nigeria: Farmers/Herdsmen Clash: Stakeholders Call For More Collaboration On Land Governance

    Source: Leadership News
    Author: Andrew Essein

    The effective and efficient deployement of land resources as a method to resolving the pesistant clashes between farmers and herdsmen has again come to the fore with stakeholders and policy makers in the lands and agricultural sector calling for collaboration in the application of the appropriate land governance laws towards mitigating the ugly trend.

    Nigeria: Farmers/Herdsmen Clash: Stakeholders Call For More Collaboration On Land Governance

    By: Andrew Essein
    Date: November 14th 2016
    Source: Leadership Nigeria

    The effective and efficient deployement of land resources as a method to resolving the pesistant clashes between farmers and herdsmen has again come to the fore with stakeholders and policy makers in the lands and agricultural sector calling for collaboration in the application of the appropriate land governance laws towards mitigating the ugly trend.

    Nigeria: Amosun Signs Anti-Land Grabbing Bill, Others Into Law

    Date: November 14th 2016
    Source: Channels TV

    The Ogun State Governor, Ibikunle Amosun, has signed into law, a bill prohibiting forceful takeover of land, by persons or group of individuals.

    The passage of the bill has formally criminalised the act, which also attracts a 25-year jail term without options of fine, for those who violate this existing law of the state.

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 85

    Land Use Act 1978

    An Act to vest all land comprised in the territory of each State (except land vested in the Federal Government or its agencies) solely in the Governor of the State, who would hold such land in trust for the people and would henceforth be responsible for allocation of land in all urban areas to individuals resident in the State and to organisations for residential, agricultural, commercial and other purposes while similar powers with respect to non-urban areas are conferred on Local Governments.

    Resource information

    March 1978

    Tipping the Balance: Policies to Shape Agricultural Investments and Markets in Favour of Small-scale Farmers

    This report develops a framework to examine the role of policy at three levels: at the level of agricultural policy basics (Section 2); at the level of directly shaping investments (Section 3); and at the level of market governance (Section 4). The key policy levers are summarized in Table 1, and elaborated on at the end of each section. The work was supported by four country case studies, conducted in Guatemala, Nigeria, Tanzania, and the Philippines, and led by national researchers.

    Resource information

    December 2012

    Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Nigeria

    This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

    Resource information

    December 2010