Niger

Niger is characterized by political instability, which has led to conflicts and food security crises. The country is one of the poorest in the world, and in 2003 agriculture accounted for 17% of the total GDP. Approximately 83% of the population is rural, and 60% of it does not have access to safe drinking water.

Niger’s constitution recognizes the right of all individuals to own property, and the Rural Code sets forth a number of objectives, including the increase of land tenure security, better management of rural land, the promotion of a more sustainable use and management of natural resources. Customary law regulates all types of land and generally reflects the influence of Sharia Law.

Most common causes of land conflicts in Niger are intra-family disputes, conflicts between pastoralists and sedentary farmers and conflicts between villagers and traditional chiefs over land access and use. Many disputes were raised after the Land Code was passed, as it allows the registration of customary rights but it does not specify which rights can be effectively recognized. Dispute resolution is assigned to local administrative institutions, the formal court system and traditional institutions.

Source

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    Cameroon
    Middle Africa
    Global
    Niger
    Nigeria
    Western Africa

    The farmer and the cowman, the musical Oklahoma tells us, should be friends. Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, a remarkable young African woman who campaigns for land rights for her pastoralist Mbororo people, would agree.

    She believes grazing and cultivating communities can benefit each other, in a traditional seasonal synergy. “It starts with cowshit,” she explains disarmingly. The dung dropped by the Mbororo’s cattle, roaming vast areas across Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and the Central African Republic, is an essential source of fertility for crops after they have moved on.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 7 - 12 of 654
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Angola
    Fiji
    Honduras
    Nepal
    Zambia
    Gambia
    Burkina Faso
    China
    Namibia
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Bolivia
    Congo
    Guinea
    Malawi
    Niger
    Mozambique
    Liberia
    Uganda
    India
    Togo
    Kenya

    Desde las décadas de 1970 y 1980, la forestería comunitaria ha ido adquiriendo cada vez más popularidad, a partir del concepto de que las comunidades locales, cuando se les conceden suficientes derechos de propiedad sobre los bosques colectivos locales, pueden organizarse de forma autónoma y crear instituciones locales a fin de reglamentar el uso de los recursos naturales y manejarlos de forma sostenible.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    France
    Benin
    Switzerland
    Zambia
    Mali
    Germany
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Austria
    Republic of Korea
    Niger
    Uruguay
    Pakistan
    Finland
    Madagascar
    Italy
    Poland
    Czech Republic
    Ecuador
    Norway
    Canada

    Meeting Name: International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Ad Hoc Technical Committee on Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
    Meeting symbol/code: IT/ACSU-3/16/3
    Session: Sess. 3

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Nigeria
    Mauritius
    Mozambique
    Luxembourg
    Burundi
    Zimbabwe
    Ghana
    Congo
    Malawi
    France
    Rwanda
    Niger
    South Africa
    Lesotho
    Tanzania
    Kenya
    Africa

    Cette édition de la <i>Revue Nature & Faune</i> est un numéro spécial pour marquer 2015 comme l’ Année internationale des sols. Elle comporte trente articles concis qui abordent le thème central suivant: «La gestion durable des sols: clé pour la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition en Afrique ».

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Nigeria
    United States of America
    Spain
    Mali
    Germany
    China
    Australia
    Bolivia
    Iran
    Ethiopia
    Niger
    Cameroon
    Kenya
    Jordan
    Morocco
    Uganda
    Italy
    Tanzania
    India
    Chad
    Lebanon
    Romania
    Mongolia

    The Technical Guide on Pastoralism builds on a number of initiatives and studies from recent years that have shone a light on pastoral governance and land tenure: on the inherent challenges pastoralists face, the shortcomings of governments in securing pastoral tenure, and the emerging examples of success and progress from around the world. This Technical Guide provides solutions to securing pastoral governance and tenure without undermining the inherent, necessary complexity of customary arrangements.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Bangladesh
    Philippines
    Zambia
    Vietnam
    Afghanistan
    Peru
    Myanmar
    Ghana
    Malawi
    Niger
    Africa
    Americas
    Asia

    Le monde s’est engagé à éliminer la pauvreté extrême et la famine d’ici à 2030 et s’engage résolument sur la voie de la durabilité. Les changements climatiques risquent d’anéantir les progrès accomplis jusqu’à présent face à la faim et à la pauvreté. Si l’on ne lutte pas contre eux, ils pourraient mettre en péril la capacité des systèmes agricoles à assurer la sécurité alimentaire à l’échelon mondial. Les changements climatiques mettent en danger les moyens de subsistance et la sécurité alimentaire des pauvres qui vivent en milieu rural.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Fiji
    Honduras
    United States of America
    Zambia
    Denmark
    Indonesia
    Peru
    United Kingdom
    Ghana
    Malawi
    Costa Rica
    Niger
    New Zealand
    Nepal
    Morocco
    Japan
    Malaysia
    Madagascar
    Tanzania
    Chad
    Canada

    Where do forests and forestry stand today in international climate change negotiations? What exactly does it mean to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+)? What are the opportunities and risks for forests in today’s changing climate and is there a clear path forward? The articles in this issue address these and other questions.