Namibia

NAM

Namibia

Namibia is the most arid country in sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 63% of the total population in rural areas. Namibia is considered a middle income country, although it has the highest income disparity in the world and an unequal distribution of land and natural resources.

The 1991 Constitution states that all people have the right to own, acquire and dispose of property and the right of inheritance. Subsequently, more specific land related laws were passed, which contemplate freehold tiles, leaseholds, customary grants and certificate.  The communal Land Reform Act 5 defines the power of traditional authorities over communal land and it sets the creation of Land Boards for the control of the allocation of land by traditional authorities. The Traditional Authorities Act 25 recognizes the traditional authorities as legal entities and establishes their powers and duties. Customary law and the rights of indigenous people are mostly formally recognized, and in many rural areas traditional leasers still decide the allocation and use of land.

In recent years, the number of land disputes in Namibia increased due to the loss of power of traditional authorities that made it easier for outsiders to have access to land without the permission of the people. The formal mechanism for dispute resolution is generally assigned to the formal court system. However, people in communal areas usually refer to the traditional authorities and also to NGOs as means of dispute resolution.

Source of the narrative

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    women farm africa
    3 August 2017
    Sub-Saharan Africa
    Namibia

    Namibia will launch the baseline study that was conducted in 2016 by the University of Namibia which was aimed at investigating the status of women’s land use, ownership and rights under customary land tenure system, at an event on Thursday in Ongwediva, northern Namibia.

    The study was prepared for the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS), a German political foundation, through the special initiative, ‘One World- No Hunger: strengthening Women’s land use and land ownership in Sub-Sahara Africa’.

    29 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Cameroon
    Namibia

    With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, a new report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa. “Worrying that so little is done to protect the environment and the indigenous peoples,” says the report.
     

    Environmental degradation, cultural ethnocide and gross human rights violations: For indigenous peoples these are some of the consequences of the current global race for natural resources and raw materials.

    21 April 2017
    Namibia

     

    The Ministry Lands and Resettlement has made significant strides in driving the land distribution programme through the willing buyer-willing seller model since the country attained independence.

    This was revealed by the Ministry’s public relations officer Chrispin Matongela who also added that Government spent a whooping N$240 million to acquire land for resettlement in the last financial year.

    27 February 2017
    Namibia

    Date: 27 February 2017

    Source: New China

    In Namibia's northern Omusati region, Esra Kuutumbeni toils on her pearl millet field as she hopes for improved yields of the staple crop, following a dry spell the preceding year.

    "I wake up early to work on my field to ensure that weeds do not outgrow my crops. I want to be food sufficient, sell surplus and be an independent woman," she said.

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 228
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Namibia

    One of six case studies informing the synthesis report "Gender and Collectively Held Land: Good Practices and Lessons Learned from Six Global Case Studies."

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Namibia
    Southern Africa
    Africa
    Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper analyses the structure of Namibia’s fishery sector, which consists of both marine-based fisheries and aquaculture. The study examines the sectors’ governance structure and the evolution of fishery stocks and assesses the performance of the sector in terms of catch effort, sectoral contribution to GDP, employment, and contribution to international trade.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Equatorial Guinea
    Kenya
    Burundi
    Namibia
    Swaziland
    Tonga
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Congo
    Cameroon
    Rwanda
    South Africa
    Central African Republic
    Botswana
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Chad
    Gabon
    Africa

    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.1
    Session: Sess. 20

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Bangladesh
    Philippines
    Zambia
    Gambia
    Vietnam
    Chile
    Peru
    Myanmar
    Ghana
    Namibia
    Benin
    Malawi
    Somalia
    Asia
    Africa
    Americas

    El mundo se comprometió a erradicar la extrema pobreza y el hambre en 2030, llevándolo de regreso a una vía sostenible. El cambio climático amenaza con revertir el progreso que hemos logrado hasta ahora en la lucha contra el hambre y la pobreza. De no controlarse, podría poner en peligro la capacidad de los sistemas alimentarios para asegurar la seguridad alimentaria mundial. El cambio climático está socavando los medios de subsistencia y la seguridad alimentaria de las poblaciones rurales pobres.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Costa Rica
    Switzerland
    Japan
    Samoa
    Chile
    Australia
    Italy
    Poland
    Canada
    Iran
    Ethiopia
    Namibia
    Lebanon

    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
    Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/6
    Session: Sess.16