Namibia

NAM

Namibia

Namibia is the most arid country in sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 63% of the total population in rural areas. Namibia is considered a middle income country, although it has the highest income disparity in the world and an unequal distribution of land and natural resources.

The 1991 Constitution states that all people have the right to own, acquire and dispose of property and the right of inheritance. Subsequently, more specific land related laws were passed, which contemplate freehold tiles, leaseholds, customary grants and certificate.  The communal Land Reform Act 5 defines the power of traditional authorities over communal land and it sets the creation of Land Boards for the control of the allocation of land by traditional authorities. The Traditional Authorities Act 25 recognizes the traditional authorities as legal entities and establishes their powers and duties. Customary law and the rights of indigenous people are mostly formally recognized, and in many rural areas traditional leasers still decide the allocation and use of land.

In recent years, the number of land disputes in Namibia increased due to the loss of power of traditional authorities that made it easier for outsiders to have access to land without the permission of the people. The formal mechanism for dispute resolution is generally assigned to the formal court system. However, people in communal areas usually refer to the traditional authorities and also to NGOs as means of dispute resolution.

Source of the narrative

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
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    • Not adopted
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    21 April 2017

     

    The Ministry Lands and Resettlement has made significant strides in driving the land distribution programme through the willing buyer-willing seller model since the country attained independence.

    This was revealed by the Ministry’s public relations officer Chrispin Matongela who also added that Government spent a whooping N$240 million to acquire land for resettlement in the last financial year.

    27 February 2017

    Date: 27 February 2017

    Source: New China

    In Namibia's northern Omusati region, Esra Kuutumbeni toils on her pearl millet field as she hopes for improved yields of the staple crop, following a dry spell the preceding year.

    "I wake up early to work on my field to ensure that weeds do not outgrow my crops. I want to be food sufficient, sell surplus and be an independent woman," she said.

    By: Shinovene Immanuel
    Date: November 14th 2016
    Source: The Namibian

    FOREIGN nationals will no longer be allowed to own agricultural, commercial and communal land if a proposed law tabled last week by lands minister Utoni Nujoma is passed in parliament.

    Details on how government plans to ban foreign land ownership are contained in the Land Bill of 2016 tabled by Nujoma in the National Assembly last Thursday. 

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 218
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    November 2016

    This publication will present efforts by FAO and partners on mapping the intervention area of the Great Green Wall initiative and restoration opportunities based on data gathered through Collect Earth and in support of presenting FAO's effort at COP22 in Marrakech on 14 November 2016.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2003

    The FAO Inland Water Resources and Aquaculture Service (FIRI) has been active in promoting the use of geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing in fisheries and aquaculture since 1985. However, a manual to use along with GIS software for the fisheries biologists in the field explaining GIS in a way that is understandable to non-GIS users had not been produced until now. This manual was written to overcome this knowledge-gap, it is a “do-it-yourself-manual” giving a short introduction to GIS software and its applications in fishery science.

    Reports & Research
    December 2008

    Land Tenure Working Paper 2. This document analyzes the implications for land tenure and land policy of climate change. It assesses the implications of ongoing anthropogenic climate change resulting from greenhouse gas emissions for land tenure and the role that land policy can play in climate change adaptation planning in the developing world.

    Journal Articles & Books
    June 2016

    This publication responds to calls in regional and global forestry forums to strengthen capacity for effectively developing and implementing payment schemes for environmental services in sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, the African Forestry and Wildlife Commission, at its 18th session, called for enhancement of the institutional capacities of member countries and the sharing of knowledge on payment schemes for forest environmental services at the national and subregional levels.