NAM

Namibia

Namibia

English

Namibia is the most arid country in sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 63% of the total population in rural areas. Namibia is considered a middle income country, although it has the highest income disparity in the world and an unequal distribution of land and natural resources.

The 1991 Constitution states that all people have the right to own, acquire and dispose of property and the right of inheritance. Subsequently, more specific land related laws were passed, which contemplate freehold tiles, leaseholds, customary grants and certificate.  The communal Land Reform Act 5 defines the power of traditional authorities over communal land and it sets the creation of Land Boards for the control of the allocation of land by traditional authorities. The Traditional Authorities Act 25 recognizes the traditional authorities as legal entities and establishes their powers and duties. Customary law and the rights of indigenous people are mostly formally recognized, and in many rural areas traditional leasers still decide the allocation and use of land.

In recent years, the number of land disputes in Namibia increased due to the loss of power of traditional authorities that made it easier for outsiders to have access to land without the permission of the people. The formal mechanism for dispute resolution is generally assigned to the formal court system. However, people in communal areas usually refer to the traditional authorities and also to NGOs as means of dispute resolution.

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    Access to land empowers Namibian rural women

    Monday, February 27, 2017

    Date: 27 February 2017

    Source: New China

    In Namibia's northern Omusati region, Esra Kuutumbeni toils on her pearl millet field as she hopes for improved yields of the staple crop, following a dry spell the preceding year.

    "I wake up early to work on my field to ensure that weeds do not outgrow my crops. I want to be food sufficient, sell surplus and be an independent woman," she said.

    Namibia: Proposed law bans foreign landlords

    By: Shinovene Immanuel
    Date: November 14th 2016
    Source: The Namibian

    FOREIGN nationals will no longer be allowed to own agricultural, commercial and communal land if a proposed law tabled last week by lands minister Utoni Nujoma is passed in parliament.

    Details on how government plans to ban foreign land ownership are contained in the Land Bill of 2016 tabled by Nujoma in the National Assembly last Thursday. 

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 79

    Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Amendment Act, 2014

    An Act to amend the Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Act, 1995, so as to insert a certain definition; to provide for further situations where the State has the right of preference to purchase land; to provide for a negotiating committee on purchase prices; and to provide for incidental matters.

    Resource information

    March 2014

    Agricultural (Commercial) Land Reform Act, 1995

    An Act to provide for the acquisition of agricultural land by the State for the purpose of land reform and for the allocation of such land to Namibian citizens who do not own or otherwise have the use of any or of adequate agricultural land, and foremost those Namibian citizens who have been socially, economically or educationally disadvantaged by past discriminatory laws or practices; to vest in the State a preferent right to purchase agricultural land for the purposes of the Act; to provide for the compulsory acquisition of agricultural land by the State for the purposes of the Act; to re

    Resource information

    February 1995