MLI

Mali

Mali

English

Mali is a landlocked country in the heart of the Sahel and it is one of the more food secure countries in the sub-region. Since 1992, the government adopted policies inspired by economic liberalization and political decentralization that have fostered the economic growth of the country. Agriculture accounts for 37% of the national GDP, about 68% of the population is rural and 79% of the active population works in agriculture.

The Constitution of 1992 recognizes the right to own property and provides the protection of property for all citizens. The Land Code of 2000 recognizes private land, state land and use and customary rights of groups and individual group members. In 2001, the Pastoral Charter was passed, which recognizes pastoralism and the right of pastoralists to move their livestock and use natural resources. However, customary laws mostly govern land access and use, and customary land systems continue to serve as the main land administration system.

Disputes over land in Mali usually are within sedentary communities, between generations and between different natural resources users. Conflicts between the parties are usually resolved through negotiations between the parties or thanks to the mediation of a chief of the village. If the parties do not reach an agreement, the dispute may go to the local council and from there to the formal courts. 

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    New law a glimmer of hope for women's land rights in Mali

    Monday, January 30, 2017

    By: Soumaila Diarra

    Date: 30 January 2017

    Source: Reuters

    W earing a long white tunic covered with bright-coloured patterns, Aminata Berthe bends to water a plot of lettuce with a can in this village near Bamako, the Malian capital.

    "I'm the first one in my home to wake up and the last to go to bed," she said, pausing to catch her breath. She has been farming the land for three years as part of a women's vegetable cooperative, but doesn't have the right to own it.

    Latest Blog

    Library

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    Tenure and Investment in Africa

    This synthesis of our findings from an investigation of tenure risk in East, West, and Southern Africa, shows that a majority of tenure disputes are caused by the displacement of local peoples, indicating that companies and investors are not doing enough to understand competing claims to the land they acquire or lease. This failure in diligence is particularly noteworthy given that a majority of the disputes analyzed had materially significant impacts: indeed, a higher proportion of projects in Africa are financially impacted by tenure dispute than any other region in the world. 

    Resource information

    February 2017