Mali is a landlocked country in the heart of the Sahel and it is one of the more food secure countries in the sub-region. Since 1992, the government adopted policies inspired by economic liberalization and political decentralization that have fostered the economic growth of the country. Agriculture accounts for 37% of the national GDP, about 68% of the population is rural and 79% of the active population works in agriculture.
The Constitution of 1992 recognizes the right to own property and provides the protection of property for all citizens. The Land Code of 2000 recognizes private land, state land and use and customary rights of groups and individual group members. In 2001, the Pastoral Charter was passed, which recognizes pastoralism and the right of pastoralists to move their livestock and use natural resources. However, customary laws mostly govern land access and use, and customary land systems continue to serve as the main land administration system.
Disputes over land in Mali usually are within sedentary communities, between generations and between different natural resources users. Conflicts between the parties are usually resolved through negotiations between the parties or thanks to the mediation of a chief of the village. If the parties do not reach an agreement, the dispute may go to the local council and from there to the formal courts.