Mexico

MEX

Mexico

Mexico is an upper-middle-income country whose economy has grown steadily but much more slowly than that of other emerging-market countries. Mexico was hard hit by the global economic crisis because of its dependence on oil exports, trade with and remittances from the United States. Mexico‘s GDP actually fell by 6.5% in 2009, but it is expected to rebound and resume a steady but slow rate of growth.

Many of the benefits from Mexico‘s economic growth have been unequally distributed. According to Mexico‘s National Council on Evaluation of Social Development Policy, nearly half of the population lives below the national poverty line, and many of the poor live in extreme poverty. Over 60% of Mexico‘s extremely poor people reside in rural areas, and most are dependent upon subsistence agriculture. By international standards, agricultural productivity in Mexico is low. Agricultural growth has largely been concentrated in the commercial farming sector, and the rural poor have generally not experienced improvements in agricultural productivity.

Following legislation adopted in 1992, the fundamental transformation of Mexico‘s land regime, which allowed privatization and market transfers of ejidal land rights, is now largely completed. Follow-through is needed to: ensure an up-to-date and reliable land certification and registration process; increase support for women‘s land rights; increase access to credit; and improve the functioning of land markets.

Mexico‘s development is constrained by numerous environmental challenges, many pertaining to water and forest resources. The northern Mexican states are intensely water-stressed, and there is increasing contamination of both surface and underground water. Deforestation in Mexico is contributing to soil erosion and desertification. Mexico must improve its water and forest management systems to avoid limiting its potential for further growth.

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
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    • Not adopted
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    21 August 2017
    Mexico

     

    Pressure to sell their homes to the government has divided families, friends and neighbors, fueling distrust and the stigmatization of those who do sell

    TEMACAPULÍN, Mexico, Aug 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Abigail Agredano fears her 96-year-old mother would not survive being uprooted from their hometown in the highlands of western Mexico, where its 400 mostly elderly residents are battling a  government plan to dam the nearby Río Verde.

    16 June 2017
    Guatemala
    Mexico

     

     

    On June 2, Guatemalan police and military carried out the eviction of Q’eqchi Maya residents of the community of Laguna Larga in the Laguna de Tigre region of the country. Days later, the refugees from the eviction arrived in the Mexican state of Campeche.

    The refugees formed a camp five kilometers from the border with Guatemala. The situation has been called a humanitarian emergency by migration activists in Mexico and Guatemala.

    6 June 2017
    Guatemala
    Mexico

    Guatemalan families face a violent eviction as they fled violence in their own homes.

    At least 120 campesino families from Guatemala have installed a makeshift camp at the border between the Central American and Mexico as they fear a violent eviction from the army.

    21 May 2017
    Mexico

     

    The Indigenous community has demanded that authorities investigate the killing.

    An Indigenous community leader in Mexico has been assassinated alongside his brother, Mexico’s La Jornada newspaper, as the country’s human rights situation continues to spark national and international alarm just days after the murder of a renowned veteran journalist.

    Latest Blog

    Mexico

    By Julia Christian, Forest Governance Campaigner for FERN

    Michoacán’s indigenous communities’ greatest resource is their forests. And they defend them with their lives.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 509
    Reports & Research
    December 2017
    Mexico

    A nivel mundial, ocho hombres poseen la misma riqueza que la mitad más pobre del planeta. En México, cuatro millonarios(as) tienen tanta riqueza como el 50% más pobre de la población.

    Reports & Research
    March 2017
    Brazil
    Cambodia
    Canada
    Colombia
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Indonesia
    Liberia
    Madagascar
    Malaysia
    Mexico
    Myanmar
    Papua New Guinea
    Peru
    Russia

    Global demand for timber, agricultural commodities, and extractives is a significant driver of deforestation worldwide. Transparent land-concessions data for these large-scale commercial activities are essential to understand drivers of forest loss, monitor environmental impacts of ongoing activities, and ensure efficient and sustainable allocation of land.

    Regulations
    January 2017
    Mexico
    Americas
    Central America

    Dentro del Plan Nacional de Desarrollo en la Meta México Incluyente, se establece como una de sus líneas de acción propiciar la modernización de catastros y de registros públicos de la propiedad, así como la incorporación y regularización de propiedades no registradas.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Chile
    Mexico
    Uruguay

    Co‐management (Co‐M), defined as the sharing of management tasks and responsibilities between governments and local users, is emerging as a powerful institutional arrangement to redress fisheries paradigm failures, yet long‐term assessments of its performance are lacking. A comparative analysis of five small‐scale Latin American shellfisheries was conducted to identify factors suggesting success and failure.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Mexico

    Relationships between seasonal climate, land cover and surface energy exchange in tropical montane cloud forest environments are poorly understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the seasonality of flux partitioning in lower montane cloud forest (LMCF), shaded coffee (CO) and sugarcane (SU) in central Veracruz, Mexico, as well as to evaluate the changes in surface energy exchange associated with the conversion of LMCF to CO or SU.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Mexico

    Cloud forest streams are diverse ecosystems that provide valuable services (i.e., drinking water), but are threatened by anthropogenic activities on the watershed. We assessed the relationships between forest cover in the catchment, riparian vegetation, water chemistry, channel geomorphology, and the diversity of aquatic insects (taxonomic and functional diversity) in streams running through cloud forest in the upper part of La Antigua watershed, Mexico.