Kenya

KEN

Kenya

Land reform in Kenya has been marked by several significant milestones in recent years.

In 2009, the Kenyan Parliament approved the National Land Policy (NLP), which mandates land restitution or resettlement for those who have been dispossessed and calls for reconsideration of constitutional protection for the property rights of those who obtained their land irregularly. The NLP was supported by the ratification of a new Constitution in 2010. The Kenyan constitution holds that all land belongs to the people of Kenya, classifies land as public, community or private, establishes a National Land Commission and allows non-citizens to hold land only on the basis of leasehold tenure. Further progress was marked by the passage of the Land Act, Land Registration Act, and the National Land Commission Act in 2012.

Despite legislative advances, secure and equitable access to and control over land for all Kenyans remains elusive. Current land-related issues in Kenya include: historical land inequities and land conflicts (which contribute to violence and displacement, including after the 2007 presidential elections); gender discrimination impeding the realization of women’s land rights; water scarcity; demand for forest resources; urban poverty and urbanization; and the management of rangelands needed by pastoralists. 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    20 June 2017
    Kenya

    Many cash-strapped Maasai have become landless after subdividing and selling swathes of land to the south of Nairobi

    NAIROBI, June 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Kenya's opposition leader has raised tensions weeks ahead of elections by criticising the Maasai community's sale of ancestral land to other ethnic groups in an area hit by political violence in the 1990s, land rights experts said.

    Many cash-strapped Maasai have become landless after subdividing and selling swathes of land to the south of Kenya's capital, Nairobi, where they used to roam with their cattle.

    29 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Cameroon
    Namibia

    With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, a new report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa. “Worrying that so little is done to protect the environment and the indigenous peoples,” says the report.
     

    Environmental degradation, cultural ethnocide and gross human rights violations: For indigenous peoples these are some of the consequences of the current global race for natural resources and raw materials.

    26 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Zambia
    Ghana

    Colonialism brought large-scale farming to Africa, promising modernisation and jobs – but often dispossessing people and exploiting workers. Now, after several decades of independence, and with investor interest growing, African governments are once again promoting large plantations and estates. But the new corporate interest in African agriculture has been criticised as a “land grab”.

    23 April 2017
    Kenya

     

    Tina Anyango (not her real name) aged 28 is a widow living in Kuoyo Kaila, East seme Ward in Kisumu County. She is living with HIV which robbed her off the man she had lived with and loved for the past eight years. Her husband’s death left her solely responsible for their two children. To meet their needs, she depended on a one-acre piece of land she and her husband used to do farming together.

    Latest Blog

    Global
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Colombia
    Peru
    Asia
    Indonesia
    Nepal

    The recent World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, held this past March in Washington D.C., provided a unique opportunity to reflect on collective land tenure reforms not only from a research point of view, but also from that of governments.

    WHY WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT MUST START WITH LAND RIGHTS
    Africa
    Global
    Kenya

    By Justine Uvuza,  senior gender and land tenure specialist at Landesa

    Property and citizenship are in many ways what define us, and they interact in fascinating ways.

    A woman returns to a farmer village near Dodoma, Tanzania (Photo: Cecilia Schubert, Creative Commons via Flickr)
    Global
    Kenya
    Tanzania

    By Philippine Sutz, Senior researcher – Legal Tools team; Natural Resources Group, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


    This blog was produced for the LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin. Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) is a DFID programme that aims to improve land rights protection, knowledge and information, and the quality of private sector investment in DFID priority countries.

    Global
    Kenya

    Kenya’s new constitution provides for ‘community lands’. Group ranches and trust lands will be vested in communities. But why, some ponder, would modern citizens want to own land as communities? Is the constitution protecting old ways instead of leading us into the future?

    This week I will answer these questions through a global lens. Next week I will zero in on constitutional directives and how far the proposed Community Land Bill delivers.

    Latest Events

    Meeting of the Ogiek community of Sasimwani to review their draft by-laws (Photo: Namati / Jaron Vogelsang)
    16 November 2016

    Location

    Virtual
    United Kingdom
    GB
    Global
    Kenya

    Join us for a webinar on 16 November to discuss how communities can use by-laws to secure their land rights.

    Indigenous and rural communities that use customary land tenure systems are among the least likely populations to have legal recognition of their rights to their lands and natural resources. 

    On Wednesday 16 November 2016, IIED will host a webinar on strengthening the security of tenure of indigenous and rural communities, particularly focused on communities that employ customary tenure systems. 

    24 April 2015 to 30 April 2015
    Kenya

    The 9th International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation (CBA9) will take place in Nairobi, Kenya from 24-30 April, 2015, hosted by the Government of Kenya.

    Organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) and African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS), this year's conference theme is 'Measuring and enhancing effective adaptation'.
     

    Partners

    Rift Valley Institute

    RVI

    Resource Equity

    International Institute of Rural Reconstruction

    IIRR

    GROOTS Kenya

    RECONCILE

    Kenya Land Alliance (KLA)

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 950
    Reports & Research
    December 2011

    n recent decades, many cities and towns around the world have seen dramatic population growth, with significant inflows from rural areas. People forcibly displaced by armed conflict, violence or natural disasters have moved to urban areas in search of greater security, better access to basic services and greater economic opportunities.

    Reports & Research
    July 2014

    The report analyses displacement in Coast region and identifies tensions over land tenure and poor land governance as key triggers, and obstacles to durable solutions. It provides examples of land issues underlying displacement caused by generalised violence, disasters and human rights violations, and establishes a close link between tenure insecurity and forced evictions. Disputes arise from competing land claims and incompatibility between formal and informal tenure systems.

    GLTN workshop cover image
    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    March 2013

    The land challenge is central to the broader youth dynamics of migration, employment, livelihoods and belonging. The more than 1.8 billion youth living worldwide represent not only a land challenge, but an untapped potential in moving the tenure security agenda forward. Recognizing this, the Global Land Tool Network has partnered with UN-Habitat to develop youth responsive land tools through the Youth-led Action Research on Land program. Five action research projects will be undertaken by youth organizations in Brazil, Kenya, Nepal, Yemen and Zimbabwe.

    Reports & Research
    December 2007

    Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.