Kenya

Kenya

Land reform in Kenya has been marked by several significant milestones in recent years.

In 2009, the Kenyan Parliament approved the National Land Policy (NLP), which mandates land restitution or resettlement for those who have been dispossessed and calls for reconsideration of constitutional protection for the property rights of those who obtained their land irregularly. The NLP was supported by the ratification of a new Constitution in 2010. The Kenyan constitution holds that all land belongs to the people of Kenya, classifies land as public, community or private, establishes a National Land Commission and allows non-citizens to hold land only on the basis of leasehold tenure. Further progress was marked by the passage of the Land Act, Land Registration Act, and the National Land Commission Act in 2012.

Despite legislative advances, secure and equitable access to and control over land for all Kenyans remains elusive. Current land-related issues in Kenya include: historical land inequities and land conflicts (which contribute to violence and displacement, including after the 2007 presidential elections); gender discrimination impeding the realization of women’s land rights; water scarcity; demand for forest resources; urban poverty and urbanization; and the management of rangelands needed by pastoralists. 

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Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

  • Please, select year and panels to show the info.
Legend
  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Kenyan slum activists build climate change resilience from the bottom up

By: Lou del Bello

Date: 12 January 2017

Source: IRIN

Living in the Kenyan slum of Mukuru is hard enough, but when it rains it’s downright miserable. Streets flood, sewage overflows, homes are inundated. 

After each bout of torrential rain, Nairobi’s largest informal settlement is left a little shabbier, a little poorer, the community more insecure.

Latest Blog

A woman returns to a farmer village near Dodoma, Tanzania (Photo: Cecilia Schubert, Creative Commons via Flickr)

Workshops help practitioners in Africa boost women’s land rights

By Philippine Sutz, Senior researcher – Legal Tools team; Natural Resources Group, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


This blog was produced for the LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin. Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) is a DFID programme that aims to improve land rights protection, knowledge and information, and the quality of private sector investment in DFID priority countries.

'Community Lands' Less About Saving The Past Than Securing The Future

Kenya’s new constitution provides for ‘community lands’. Group ranches and trust lands will be vested in communities. But why, some ponder, would modern citizens want to own land as communities? Is the constitution protecting old ways instead of leading us into the future?

This week I will answer these questions through a global lens. Next week I will zero in on constitutional directives and how far the proposed Community Land Bill delivers.

In Africa, farmers rely on their rights to community land, but governments don't always back them up with legislation. Photo Credit: Gates Foundation/Flickr

Kenya: Proposed Land Bills Are Against Interests of Communities and Should Be Withdrawn

When Kenyans enacted the Constitution in 2010, one of the crucial areas that we decided to focus on was land reform.Ke

The key target of this is the recognition, protection, and registration of community land rights.

It is unfortunate that land reform has now been turned into a political process that fails to respect the aspirations of the people.

It is especially disheartening that the proposals that were derived by the task force on community land have now been trashed and we are presented with land Bills that do not respect the needs of the people.

Latest Events

Meeting of the Ogiek community of Sasimwani to review their draft by-laws (Photo: Namati / Jaron Vogelsang)

IIED webinar: Using community by-laws to secure customary land rights in Kenya

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Location

Virtual
United Kingdom
GB

Join us for a webinar on 16 November to discuss how communities can use by-laws to secure their land rights.

Indigenous and rural communities that use customary land tenure systems are among the least likely populations to have legal recognition of their rights to their lands and natural resources. 

On Wednesday 16 November 2016, IIED will host a webinar on strengthening the security of tenure of indigenous and rural communities, particularly focused on communities that employ customary tenure systems. 

CBA9: 9th conference on community-based adaptation to climate change

Friday, April 24, 2015 to Thursday, April 30, 2015

The 9th International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation (CBA9) will take place in Nairobi, Kenya from 24-30 April, 2015, hosted by the Government of Kenya.

Organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) and African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS), this year's conference theme is 'Measuring and enhancing effective adaptation'.
 

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