Kenya

Kenya has a land size of 582,646 Square Kilometers, 97.8% comprising of land and 2.2% water surfaces. 20% of the land area is classified as medium to high potential land and 80% as Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) [1]. Land has a central position in Kenya’s social, economic and political history. An estimated 75% of the country’s population depends on land for their livelihoods, making the ownership, management and control of the resource of great importance.

The country was colonized by the British from 1895. The colonial authorities introduced formal laws and land administration in Kenya. This resulted in a dual system of land laws and administration since local communities continued to hold land under their customary systems. These laws and administration system were adopted by the Kenya’s independent government without fundamental reforms.

 

Indicators

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

This indicator presents the score of the "Land Owership" component of the Global Open Data Index (GODI) 2016/2017. 

Measurement unit
Index (0; 100)

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - not formally recognised by the State - as a percentage of the country's total land area.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

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This indicator measures total natural resources rents as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) of a given country.

Measurement unit
% of GDP

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Total number of agricultural researchers measured in full-time equivalent (FTE).

Measurement unit
FTE
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Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    Photo Courtesy of Jeremy Green
    27 November 2017
    Kenya
    Zambia
    South Africa

    Dynamic country portfolios combine detailed narratives with Linked Open Data to provide comprehensive overviews of land governance systems

    kenya development projects
    22 August 2017
    Global
    Kenya

    When looking to buy a home or other property in the U.S., location is typically at the top of the list—many buyers value properties with access to amenities like schools, parks, and an easy commute. But is that value shared by home buyers in developing countries? University of Illinois economist Hope Michelson looked at property transactions in Kenya near what she assumed would be a highly desirable location and found the real estate mantra, "location, location, location," wasn't necessarily the guiding principle there.

     

    kenya election queue
    8 August 2017
    Kenya

    NAIROBI — In the months leading up to Tuesday’s general election in Kenya, civil society organizations have been laying the groundwork to prevent the kind of violence that has erupted during elections past.

    Amid concerns that tensions between communities could spill over into violence if the election outcome is not perceived as legitimate, organizations have been working in recent months to mitigate localized conflicts over issues such as resources, borders and land rights.

    kenya drought elections
    7 August 2017
    Kenya

    Odenda Lumbumba of Kenya Land Alliance says that Kenya's drought is not just the result of climate change - it's also the result of failed public policy.

    Latest Blog

    •	Women in Burlobo community, Northern Uganda, use a satellite map to draw sketch maps of their land, with the help of  the Land and Equity Movement in Uganda (LEMU).
    Global
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Sierra Leone
    Myanmar
    Nepal

    By Rachael Knight, Senior Advisor, Community Land Protection, Namati

    Global
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Colombia
    Peru
    Asia
    Indonesia
    Nepal

    The recent World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, held this past March in Washington D.C., provided a unique opportunity to reflect on collective land tenure reforms not only from a research point of view, but also from that of governments.

    WHY WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT MUST START WITH LAND RIGHTS
    Africa
    Global
    Kenya

    By Justine Uvuza,  senior gender and land tenure specialist at Landesa

    Property and citizenship are in many ways what define us, and they interact in fascinating ways.

    A woman returns to a farmer village near Dodoma, Tanzania (Photo: Cecilia Schubert, Creative Commons via Flickr)
    Global
    Kenya
    Tanzania

    By Philippine Sutz, Senior researcher – Legal Tools team; Natural Resources Group, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


    This blog was produced for the LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin. Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) is a DFID programme that aims to improve land rights protection, knowledge and information, and the quality of private sector investment in DFID priority countries.

    Latest Events

    Meeting of the Ogiek community of Sasimwani to review their draft by-laws (Photo: Namati / Jaron Vogelsang)
    16 November 2016

    Location

    Virtual
    United Kingdom
    GB
    Global
    Kenya

    Join us for a webinar on 16 November to discuss how communities can use by-laws to secure their land rights.

    Indigenous and rural communities that use customary land tenure systems are among the least likely populations to have legal recognition of their rights to their lands and natural resources. 

    On Wednesday 16 November 2016, IIED will host a webinar on strengthening the security of tenure of indigenous and rural communities, particularly focused on communities that employ customary tenure systems. 

    24 April 2015 to 30 April 2015
    Kenya

    The 9th International Conference on Community-Based Adaptation (CBA9) will take place in Nairobi, Kenya from 24-30 April, 2015, hosted by the Government of Kenya.

    Organised by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED),Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) and African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS), this year's conference theme is 'Measuring and enhancing effective adaptation'.
     

    Debate

    Closed
    22 September 2017 to 1 October 2017
    Facilitators
    Fiona Flintan
    Babatunde Ajao
    Kenya
    Tanzania
    Nigeria

    The PROCASUR Corporation in Africa in collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have partnered with the International Land Coalition, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Land Portal Foundation and Resource Conflict Institute (RECONCILE) to present the Learning Initiative: Innovative practices and tools to reduce land use conflicts between farmers and livestock keepers, taking place in Kenya and Tanzania, between the 22nd September and 1st October 2017 under the framework of the PROCASUR-IFAD Programme “Strengthening Capacities and tools

    Open
    22 August 2017 to 29 September 2017
    Facilitators
    LIZAHMY
    Monica
    Global
    Kenya

    Background

    From August 22nd to September 15th 2017  the Land Development  and Governance Institute (LDGI) and Land Portal Foundation will co- facilitate an online debate that will involve the contribution of major stakeholders focusing on contemporary Kenyan land governance issues.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1471
    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    August 2017
    Kenya
    Mozambique
    Africa
    Eastern Asia
    Oceania
    South-Eastern Asia

    These case studies were developed as part of the World Bank's Results Monitoring and Evaluation for Resilience Building Operations (ReM&E) project, which aims to develop and increase the application of systematic, robust, and useful approaches to monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for resilience-building projects/programs within the World Bank. The case studies propose to foster a grounded understanding of good ReM&E practices through real-world examples.

    Implementation of Responsible Land Governance cover image
    Reports & Research
    July 2017
    Kenya

    This publication outlines the process undertaken by UN Habitat/GLTN and The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Representation in Kenya to support the Ministry of Lands, Physical Planning and Urban Areas Management of the Turkana County Government-Kenya, in establishing a county Land Information Management System based on the Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM). The project was carried out in the context of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) program entitled, Support for Responsible Land and Natural Resource Governance of Communal Lands in Kenya.

    Reports & Research
    April 2017
    Kenya
    Africa
    Eastern Africa

    The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), in collaboration with our national research partners, has been working in Kenya for the last 30 years. Our cutting-edge science helps policy makers, private sector, scientists, civil society, and farmers respond to the most pressing challenges of our time.

    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2017
    Ethiopia
    Kenya
    Tanzania
    Uganda
    Africa
    Eastern Africa

    Adapting to climate risks is central to the goal of increasing food security and enhancing resilience of farming systems in East Africa. We examined farmers’ attitudes and assessed determinants of adaptation using data from a random sample of 500 households in Borana, Ethiopia, Nyando, Kenya, Hoima Uganda, and Lushoto, Tanzania. Adaptation was measured using a livelihood-based index that assigned weights to different individual strategies based on their marginal contributions to a household’s livelihood.