Jamaica is a Caribbean island with a population of approximately 2.6 million people that mostly live in rural areas and largely depend on the county’s natural resources. Jamaica’s population is 47% rural, with the majority of poor people living in rural areas.
The Constitution recognizes the use of land to cultivate and produce income as a fundamental right. The Registration of Titles Act and the Registration Act regulate registered land in Jamaica. The Registration Act facilitates the subdivision of land into strata or what is commonly called ‘apartments’. The Act also allows individuals to apply for a registered title after a period of time if the land is privately owned. The Land Development and Urbanization Act set the principles for the designation of agricultural land and creates the Land Development and Utilization Commission.
Common causes for land disputes in Jamaica are squatting and boundary conflicts among families.