India

IND

India

India is a large country with a population of 1.1 billion people. Agricultural land represents 61% of the total land area, and approximately 71% of Indians live in rural areas. The government of India has made extensive efforts to reduce rural poverty and ensure equal opportunities in terms of land access.

The constitution of India gives each state the power to decide and implement land-tenure related rules, and consequently every state has its own land tenure system. However, at the national level, several land-related law have been passed that allow the state to take land from private parties for public purposes and to govern land sales and regulate the title registration process. After independence, many states went through land reforms to regulate the relationship between tenants and landowners. The land ceiling laws sets a limit to the amount of land owned by a person or a family and allows the state to take a piece of land and redistribute it to the poor. States also recognize religious and customary laws concerning inherited land; however, these laws generally do not protect women’s rights to land. Less than 10% of land held by private individuals is registered under the name of women.

India is a country significantly affected by disputes and conflicts related to land. Issues concerning land range from the undistributed land that government has declared to be in excess of established ceilings to protests due to the development of industrial projects. One of the principal problems related to land conflicts is that poor people are generally unaware of their rights to land and property and they rarely have access to courts. 

 

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    5 April 2017 to 6 April 2017

    Location

    India International Centre 110003 New Delhi
    India
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    Land Governance for Accelerated and Inclusive Development

    5-6 April, 2017, New Delhi, India

     

     

    10 February 2015 to 13 February 2015

    10 Feb 2015 - 13 Feb 2015

    The Soil Conservation Society of India, New Delhi (established in 1951 and have more than 2900 professionals as life members) is going to organize its 3rd International Conference on Natural Resource Management for Food and Rural Livelihoods from 10-13 February 2015 at New Delhi, India.

    The event has been sponsored by Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Government of India, New Delhi.

    Location: New Delhi, India

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1093
    Reports & Research
    December 2007

    Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013

    Desarrolladas en colaboración con las agencias de las Naciones Unidas, la sociedad civil y otras organizaciones, las insignias de las Naciones Unidas buscan despertar conciencia, educar y motivar a los jóvenes a cambiar su comportamiento y a ser agentes de cambio activos en sus comunidades locales. La serie de insignias puede ser usada por maestros o profesores en clases escolares y por dirigentes juveniles, especialmente por grupos de guías o scouts.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2007

    Most of the large rice irrigation systems in Southeast Asia have been designed for rice irrigation under a supply-driven mode. Despite their huge contribution to agricultural production, there is a general consensus that these large rice irrigation systems have not lived up to expectations because of a legacy of poor institutional arrangements and system design, degraded infrastructure, poor management and stagnation in the face of rapid transformations of agriculture and pressures on their water supply.

    Reports & Research
    December 2009

    Developments in China will have substantial impacts on forestry in the rest of the region. This wide-ranging country outlook study discusses a host of topics including prospects for China's afforestation/reforestation efforts, supply and demand for forest products and ecological services, key drivers of change, impacts of globalization, policy developments, and social objectives of forestry.