2017-03-09 00:00:002017-03-01 00:00:002017-02-27 00:00:002017-02-20 00:00:002017-04-05 00:00:002015-02-10 00:00:002014-08-01 00:00:002014-12-01 00:00:001949-12-31 00:00:002009-07-01 00:00:002008-01-01 00:00:00 IND | Land Portal





India is a large country with a population of 1.1 billion people. Agricultural land represents 61% of the total land area, and approximately 71% of Indians live in rural areas. The government of India has made extensive efforts to reduce rural poverty and ensure equal opportunities in terms of land access.

The constitution of India gives each state the power to decide and implement land-tenure related rules, and consequently every state has its own land tenure system. However, at the national level, several land-related law have been passed that allow the state to take land from private parties for public purposes and to govern land sales and regulate the title registration process. After independence, many states went through land reforms to regulate the relationship between tenants and landowners. The land ceiling laws sets a limit to the amount of land owned by a person or a family and allows the state to take a piece of land and redistribute it to the poor. States also recognize religious and customary laws concerning inherited land; however, these laws generally do not protect women’s rights to land. Less than 10% of land held by private individuals is registered under the name of women.

India is a country significantly affected by disputes and conflicts related to land. Issues concerning land range from the undistributed land that government has declared to be in excess of established ceilings to protests due to the development of industrial projects. One of the principal problems related to land conflicts is that poor people are generally unaware of their rights to land and property and they rarely have access to courts. 


Source of the narrative

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Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    IWD: Women celebrate distinct land rights earned in rehabilitation & facilitate centenarian women

    Array ( [value] => 2017-03-09 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Thursday, March 9, 2017
    Hundreds of Sardar Sarovar affected Adivasis, farmers, fish workers, boatmen, artisans and worker had filed their applications for their livelihood based rehabilitation ensuring justice.
    Following the Supreme Court judgment of 8th February, 2017, there is a mixed reaction in the valley. No doubt the Madhya Pradesh government has proved to be false having submitted its affidavit claiming no one remains to be rehabilitated, while 681 farmers are yet to receive 60 lakh each.

    Rights over leaves, flowers give Indian tribal groups more reason to stay put

    Array ( [value] => 2017-03-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Wednesday, March 1, 2017

    By:Rina Chandran

    Date: 28 February 2017

    Source: Reuters

    DHAMDITOLA, India (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In the pleasant climate of February, it is hard to imagine that day time temperatures in May in the arid Vidarbha region of India's Maharashtra state can climb to a sweltering 48 degrees Celsius.

    Tribals form long queues in government office for right to land in Maharashtra

    Array ( [value] => 2017-02-27 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Monday, February 27, 2017

    Date: 27 February 2017

    Source: The New Indian Express

    Over 1,500 tribal farmers from neighbouring Palghar district, who had used RTI effectively to establish their forest rights about three years ago, resorted to a novel agitation called ‘Queue Satyagraha’ on Monday.

    Latest Blog

    Latest Events

    India Land And Development Conference, 2017

    Array ( [value] => 2017-04-05 00:00:00 [value2] => 2017-04-06 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    5 April 2017 to 6 April 2017


    Maulana Azad Road
    110003 New Delhi

    Land Governance for Accelerated and Inclusive Development

    5-6 April, 2017, New Delhi, India

    Land is globally seen as a potential tool to create conditions and opportunities for realizing social and economic equality and maintain cultural identity. Good land governance is vital to shared prosperity, accelerate, inclusive and sustainable development. Secured land tenure, especially for women and indigenous communities, now considered as the key to to achieving the global commitments like UN’s SDGs and VGGT of FAO.   

    3rd International Conference on Natural Resource Management for Food and Rural Livelihoods

    Array ( [value] => 2015-02-10 00:00:00 [value2] => 2015-02-13 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    10 February 2015 to 13 February 2015

    10 Feb 2015 - 13 Feb 2015

    The Soil Conservation Society of India, New Delhi (established in 1951 and have more than 2900 professionals as life members) is going to organize its 3rd International Conference on Natural Resource Management for Food and Rural Livelihoods from 10-13 February 2015 at New Delhi, India.

    The event has been sponsored by Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Government of India, New Delhi.

    Location: New Delhi, India

    First circular 



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 487

    How do small farmers respond to climate change in Rajasthan?

    Array ( [value] => 2009-07-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Water is scarce in India's semiarid zones of Rajasthan. Climate change is putting additional pressure on the rare resources. Irregular or no rainfall forces many small farmers to abandon their fields, at least temporarily, and seek work in the towns. Participative water management projects as practiced in Bhipur village, growing crops with low water requirements and more sustainable farming practices are adaptation strategies that allow farmers to continue their activities despite climate risks.

    Resource information

    July 2009

    Mitigating rural-urban disparities in China and India

    Array ( [value] => 2008-01-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    The early development strategies of both China and India were urban- and industry-focused, discounting the importance of rural development. Despite sweeping reforms in both countries, the urban bias and subsequent spatial disparities still exist today. In order to reduce poverty and increase growth, developing countries need to correct these spatial disparities through a set of policies that take advantage of the synergies and linkages between rural and urban areas.

    Resource information

    January 2008

    The Indian Supreme Court acknowledges the Right to Food as a Human Right

    Life without liberty would result in some or the other form of slavery. Liberty cannot be there to a person having an empty stomach.The individual's right to life will have no meaning if the State fails to provide adequate food or food articles.The Indian Constitution provides «right to life» as a Fundamental
    Right.That right is given a wide interpretation by the Supreme Court so as to include «right to food» so that democracy and full freedom can be achieved and slavery in any form is avoided.