Honduras

Honduras is a lower-middle-income country with 51% of its population living below the national extreme poverty line, while 52% of the population lives in rural areas. Honduras’ economy is largely based on services, and 13% of the total GDP relies on agriculture.

The Constitution of 1982 recognizes property rights and gives the state the authority to administer and manage the use of land. In 1992, the Law for the Modernization and Development of the Agricultural sector established measures for boosting land markets, simplifying expropriation and restricting land invasion. It also allowed farmers to obtain rights for the land they were illegally occupying.  The Civil Code of 2005 allows for real property purchase, acquisition, donation, use, rent, mortgage and legal protection of land. Honduras has also signed the ILO Convention 169, recognizing indigenous peoples’ rights to their traditional lands.

Land disputes in Honduras are frequent, particularly due to the violation the land rights of indigenous peoples and ethnic groups. The Property Law of 2004 set the mechanisms for dispute resolution through conciliation, arbitration and court proceedings.  

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Compare countries

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    11 August 2017
    Honduras

    NEW DELHI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Using digital technology to record land deals in Honduras can help clean up a corrupt system, protect the poor against eviction and stem violence in the world's most dangerous place for environmental activists, according to an analyst.

    Nearly 80 percent of the country's privately held land is either untitled or improperly so, and acquisitions for mining, dams, tourism and other developments are often enforced through violence.

    27 July 2017
    Honduras

    Honduras has the highest murder rate for environmental activists in the world mostly because of conflict over land rights.

    Relatives of Berta Caceres, the iconic Indigenous environmentalist from Honduras who was killed in March last year, denounced a "hate campaign" against them Wednesday.

    4 July 2017
    Honduras

    Assault on daughter of environmentalist Berta Cáceres, who leads indigenous rights group, heightens fears of violence against campaigners in Honduras

    The daughter of the murdered Honduran environmentalist Berta Cáceres has survived an armed attack, just weeks after being named leader of the indigenous rights organisation formerly led by her mother.

    24 June 2017
    Belize
    Honduras

    The event, titled “Honduras: The Fight for Reparations,” is scheduled to last for 12 days.

    A delegation of six Garifunas from Belize are scheduled to travel to the Honduran Caribbean coast on Sunday to learn about Garifuna struggles and victories for land repossession, reparations and other ancestral fights.

    The event, titled “Honduras: The Fight for Reparations,” is scheduled to last for 12 days and was organized by the Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras, OFRANEH, and Witness for Peace, WFP, an organization promoting solidarity between peoples in the Americas.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 295
    Reports & Research
    June 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Costa Rica
    Guatemala
    Honduras
    Nicaragua
    Panama
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Uruguay
    Venezuela

    Es una realidad que hay contradicciones en cuanto al manejo y la tenencia de la tierra en América Latina, siendo una situación importante que impacta en las economías locales y en la vida de millones de personas. Aunque en las últimas dos décadas la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos han implementado en su legislación medidas para promover el acceso y derecho de la mujer a la tierra, siguen existiendo limitaciones que no han permitido un mayor avance hacia la equidad en la distribución de la tierra.

    Journal Articles & Books
    May 2017
    Central America
    Guatemala
    Honduras
    Nicaragua

    A growing body of evidence suggests that criminal activities associated with drug trafficking networks are a progressively important driver of forest loss in Central America. However, the scale at which drug trafficking represents a driver of forest loss is not presently known. We estimated the degree to which narcotics trafficking may contribute to forest loss using an unsupervised spatial clustering of 15 spatial and temporal forest loss patch metrics developed from global forest change data.

    Securing Forest Tenure Rights for Rural Development: Lessons from Six Countries in Latin America cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    El Salvador
    Honduras
    Nicaragua
    Argentina
    Colombia
    Peru

    Secure land tenure in rural landscapes is widely recognized as an essential foundation for achieving a range of economic development goals. However, forest areas in low and middle-income countries face particular challenges in strengthening the security of land and resource tenure. Forest peoples are often among the poorest and most politically marginalized communities in their national contexts, and their tenure systems are often based on customary, collective rights that have insufficient formal legal protection.

    Institutional & promotional materials
    December 2016
    Honduras

    Nosotras la Articulación de Mujeres de La Vía Campesina Honduras, integrada por representantes de las organizaciones campesinas (ANACH, CNTC, CODIMCA, UCIH-Choluteca y ADROH-La Paz), reunidas en Tegucigalpa, Honduras, hicimos un análisis de la grave situación que están viviendo las mujeres campesina, indígenas y garífunas ante la ola represiva de criminalización por la lucha por la tierra y el territorio.

    Multimedia
    December 2016
    Honduras

    Video del Foro de la Tierra 2016 llevado a cabo el 28 de octubre en Tegucigalpa bajo el tema "Gobernanza de la Tierra y el Territorio, Participación e Inclusión Social para América Latina y el Caribe".
    El evento congregó 250 participantes vinculados al tema de la tierra y fue organizado por la International Land Coalition en colaboración con el el COCOCH, OUOT-UNAH, UTC y UMCAH y en asocio con Trocaire y FAO Honduras.