Honduras

Honduras

Honduras is a lower-middle-income country with 51% of its population living below the national extreme poverty line, while 52% of the population lives in rural areas. Honduras’ economy is largely based on services, and 13% of the total GDP relies on agriculture.

The Constitution of 1982 recognizes property rights and gives the state the authority to administer and manage the use of land. In 1992, the Law for the Modernization and Development of the Agricultural sector established measures for boosting land markets, simplifying expropriation and restricting land invasion. It also allowed farmers to obtain rights for the land they were illegally occupying.  The Civil Code of 2005 allows for real property purchase, acquisition, donation, use, rent, mortgage and legal protection of land. Honduras has also signed the ILO Convention 169, recognizing indigenous peoples’ rights to their traditional lands.

Land disputes in Honduras are frequent, particularly due to the violation the land rights of indigenous peoples and ethnic groups. The Property Law of 2004 set the mechanisms for dispute resolution through conciliation, arbitration and court proceedings.  

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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  • Very Good Practice
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Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

U.S. lawmakers urge end to Honduras security aid after murder of land rights activist

By: Chris Arsenault

Date: 13 December 2016

Source: Thomsn Reuters Foundation

A group of U.S. lawmakers is making a year-end push to suspend millions of dollars in military assistance to Honduras, citing mounting human rights concerns, including the murder of high-profile land rights activist Berta Caceres.

Court files stolen in case of murdered Honduran land rights activist: UN

By: Chris Arsenault
Date: October 4th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

"If this is how the state is handling evidence in the case, then how can we trust their final outcome?"

RIO DE JANEIRO, Oct 4 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Court papers relating to the murder of high-profile Honduran land rights activist Berta Caceres have been stolen, the United Nations said, urging government officials to quickly recover the documents and investigate how the theft occurred.

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