Honduras is a lower-middle-income country with 51% of its population living below the national extreme poverty line, while 52% of the population lives in rural areas. Honduras’ economy is largely based on services, and 13% of the total GDP relies on agriculture.

The Constitution of 1982 recognizes property rights and gives the state the authority to administer and manage the use of land. In 1992, the Law for the Modernization and Development of the Agricultural sector established measures for boosting land markets, simplifying expropriation and restricting land invasion. It also allowed farmers to obtain rights for the land they were illegally occupying.  The Civil Code of 2005 allows for real property purchase, acquisition, donation, use, rent, mortgage and legal protection of land. Honduras has also signed the ILO Convention 169, recognizing indigenous peoples’ rights to their traditional lands.

Land disputes in Honduras are frequent, particularly due to the violation the land rights of indigenous peoples and ethnic groups. The Property Law of 2004 set the mechanisms for dispute resolution through conciliation, arbitration and court proceedings.  

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    Honduras ‘deadliest country’ to defend environmental rights

    Thursday, February 23, 2017

    Date: 23 February 2017

    Source: The Irish Times

    Honduras is the deadliest country on Earth to be a defender of environmental rights with conflict over mining, hydropower and agribusiness leading to the deaths of many people from indigenous groups and rural communities, the Global Witness charity has said.

    U.S. lawmakers urge end to Honduras security aid after murder of land rights activist

    By: Chris Arsenault

    Date: 13 December 2016

    Source: Thomsn Reuters Foundation

    A group of U.S. lawmakers is making a year-end push to suspend millions of dollars in military assistance to Honduras, citing mounting human rights concerns, including the murder of high-profile land rights activist Berta Caceres.



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    Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Honduras

    This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

    Resource information

    December 2011