Guinea is characterized by high political and economic instability, which is one of the reasons why GDP in the country has been stagnant since 2002, with poverty increasing. Of the total land area, agricultural land comprises 51%, with 86% of the poor population living in rural areas and more than 70% of the population working in the agriculture sector.

The Constitution of Second Republic of Guinea guarantees its citizens the rights to private property. The 1992 Guinea Land Code recognizes vacant land as state property and it gives individuals the right to own land. However, the code is very rarely enforced in rural areas, and customary rules continue to govern land access and distribution, with the use of the land assigned to the founder’s family or descendants.

Land disputes in Guinea are frequent and involve numerous groups, from individuals and families to wider regional conflicts. The underlying reasons for this violence lay in the political and economic instability of the country, which has made led to an increase in competition for land in both rural and urban areas. Generally, conflict resolution is facilitated by a customary chief or through the mediation of a local agency. 

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News


    Representatives from Guinea's ministries of Energy and Water, Agriculture and Urban and Rural Planning will meet in Conakry on 4-5 March to discuss reforms to the way land is expropriated for large public interest infrastructure projects and how displaced smallholder farmers should be compensated.


    Displaying 1 - 6 of 40
    May 2001

    Le présent décret adopte la Déclaration de politique foncière en milieu rural (DPFMR).L'objectif du Gouvernement est de fixer un cadre stratégique cohérent visant à améliorer les conditions d'accès et de gestion durable et équitable des ressources rurales.Spécifiquement, la démarche vise à sécuriser les exploitants ruraux, renforcer l'équité et la paix sociale, stimuler la production et la productivité agricole, promouvoir la gestion décentralisé des ressources foncières, favoriser l'accès à la terre des personnes pauvres et des groupes sociaux fragilisés et défavorisés,

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2010

    This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.