Guinea

Guinea

English

Guinea is characterized by high political and economic instability, which is one of the reasons why GDP in the country has been stagnant since 2002, with poverty increasing. Of the total land area, agricultural land comprises 51%, with 86% of the poor population living in rural areas and more than 70% of the population working in the agriculture sector.

The Constitution of Second Republic of Guinea guarantees its citizens the rights to private property. The 1992 Guinea Land Code recognizes vacant land as state property and it gives individuals the right to own land. However, the code is very rarely enforced in rural areas, and customary rules continue to govern land access and distribution, with the use of the land assigned to the founder’s family or descendants.

Land disputes in Guinea are frequent and involve numerous groups, from individuals and families to wider regional conflicts. The underlying reasons for this violence lay in the political and economic instability of the country, which has made led to an increase in competition for land in both rural and urban areas. Generally, conflict resolution is facilitated by a customary chief or through the mediation of a local agency. 

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Fomi dam: catalysing land tenure reform in Guinea

 

Representatives from Guinea's ministries of Energy and Water, Agriculture and Urban and Rural Planning will meet in Conakry on 4-5 March to discuss reforms to the way land is expropriated for large public interest infrastructure projects and how displaced smallholder farmers should be compensated.

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