Georgia

GEO

Georgia

Georgia is a largely mountainous country in which the rural population, 47% of the total, has not benefited from the country’s economic growth.  Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Georgia’s agricultural productivity has declined, shifting the GDP to a largely service-based economy.

The Constitution of 1995 recognizes the right to property and prohibits restrictions on the right to acquire, alienate and inherit property. The Law on State Registry of 2004 and the Law on Public Registry govern land registration. The Law on Local Self Government of 2002 established that municipalities were allowed to lease pastures not intended for privatization; this initiative failed, however, and municipal pastures were transferred back to state ownership.

Common reasons for land disputes in Georgia are related to territories considered illegally occupied by the Russian Federation, land occupied by internally displaced people and pasture access and use. Formal courts are entitled to resolve land disputes; however there are many issues related to their competence, independence and impartiality.

 

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    20 February 2017
    Georgia

    For the people of Upper Svaneti, a remote sliver of land nestled high in the gorges of Georgia, the last words uttered by the dying are portents of the future.

    And the future looks bleak.

    Residents say the same ominous rattle has echoed over so many of its death beds this past year - "The Svans are in danger, be careful" - that villagers are now braced for battle.

    The source of their deep unease - electricity.

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    Displacement Solutions

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 169
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016

    Dépliant promotionnel sur le rapport sur la Situation des forêts du monde 2016.</p>Stabilisateurs des sols et du climat, régulateurs des cours d’eau, dispensateurs d’ombrage et d’abris ainsi que d’un habitat pour les pollinisateurs et les ennemis naturels des ravageurs d’importance agricole, les forêts et les arbres sous-tendent la durabilité de l’agriculture. Source appréciable de nourriture, d’énergie et de revenu, ils contribuent également à la sécurité alimentaire de centaines de millions de personnes.

    Reports & Research
    December 2011

    Document de travail sur les régimes fonciers 20. Ce document analyse les caractéristiques des systèmes de propriété communale dans divers pays d’Asie. Les pressions actuelles du marché sur les ressources naturelles créent à la fois des défis et des opportunités pour les communautés et pour les gouvernements en vue d’utiliser et de renforcer les systèmes de propriété commune pour promouvoir la gestion durable des ressources naturelles. Des politiques et des institutions ad hoc sont nécessaires pour promouvoir la redevabilité des acteurs et la bonne gouvernance de ces ressources.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2013

    El bienestar humano y la salud del planeta dependen de nuestra voluntad de cuidar de los bosques y de los procedimientos que empleemos para llevar a cabo su explotación. Es por lo tanto esencial saber quién posee y controla los bosques y cómo se ejerce la gobernanza de la tenencia forestal. Esta guía técnica se dirige a quienes desean mejorar la gobernanza de la tenencia forestal, ayudándoles a actuar en cuatro áreas críticas —la comprensión, la organización, la participación y la garantía—, y facilita sus decisiones relacionadas con los bienes y servicios forestales.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2015

    Cooperation between Bulgaria and FAO started in 1967 and has continued to grow, with Bulgaria providing sustained support to the achievement of FAO’s Strategic Objectives. In recent years, their partnership has focused on supporting small family farms and giving greater recognition to their role in ensuring the country’s food supply. Their collaboration is now focusing on the key role of academia and research institutes in achieving food security and nutrition.

    Reports & Research
    December 2009

    Documento de trabajo sobre tenencia de la tierra 3. Este documento ofrece una reflexión sobre la situación, las políticas y las tendencias de la gobernanza en Europa Oriental y en la Comunidad de Estados Independientes (CEI). Este estudio realiza una evaluación sobre el estado de la gobernanza así como la capacidad de los diferentes países para contribuir a la elaboración de las Directrices de la FAO sobre gobernanza responsable de la tenencia de la tierra y otros recursos naturales. <strong>PDF Disponible solo en inglés</strong>