Georgia

Georgia is a largely mountainous country in which the rural population, 47% of the total, has not benefited from the country’s economic growth.  Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Georgia’s agricultural productivity has declined, shifting the GDP to a largely service-based economy.

The Constitution of 1995 recognizes the right to property and prohibits restrictions on the right to acquire, alienate and inherit property. The Law on State Registry of 2004 and the Law on Public Registry govern land registration. The Law on Local Self Government of 2002 established that municipalities were allowed to lease pastures not intended for privatization; this initiative failed, however, and municipal pastures were transferred back to state ownership.

Common reasons for land disputes in Georgia are related to territories considered illegally occupied by the Russian Federation, land occupied by internally displaced people and pasture access and use. Formal courts are entitled to resolve land disputes; however there are many issues related to their competence, independence and impartiality.

 

Source

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Compare countries

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    20 February 2017
    Georgia

    For the people of Upper Svaneti, a remote sliver of land nestled high in the gorges of Georgia, the last words uttered by the dying are portents of the future.

    And the future looks bleak.

    Residents say the same ominous rattle has echoed over so many of its death beds this past year - "The Svans are in danger, be careful" - that villagers are now braced for battle.

    The source of their deep unease - electricity.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 181
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Georgia
    United States of America

    Geographically isolated wetlands (GIWs) are common features of the Dougherty Plain physiographic region in southwestern Georgia. Due to lack of protection at the state and federal levels, these wetlands are threatened by intensive agricultural and silvicultural land uses common in the region.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Tunisia
    Gambia
    Vietnam
    Chile
    Ghana
    Iran
    Costa Rica
    Georgia
    Uruguay
    Asia
    Africa
    Americas

    Dépliant promotionnel sur le rapport sur la Situation des forêts du monde 2016.</p>Stabilisateurs des sols et du climat, régulateurs des cours d’eau, dispensateurs d’ombrage et d’abris ainsi que d’un habitat pour les pollinisateurs et les ennemis naturels des ravageurs d’importance agricole, les forêts et les arbres sous-tendent la durabilité de l’agriculture. Source appréciable de nourriture, d’énergie et de revenu, ils contribuent également à la sécurité alimentaire de centaines de millions de personnes.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Georgia
    Europe

    Meeting Name: European Commission on Agriculture
    Meeting symbol/code: ECA/39/15/Report
    Session: Sess. 39

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Georgia
    Ghana
    Tunisia
    Gambia
    Vietnam
    Costa Rica
    Chile
    Africa
    Asia
    Americas

    تدعم الغابات والأشجار الزراعة المستدامة. فهي تثبّت التربة والمناخ وتنظّم تدفق المياه وتؤمّن الظلّ والمأوى وتوفر موئلاً للملقحات والحيوانات المفترسة الطبيعية للآفات الزراعية. وهي تساهم أيضاً في تحقيق الأمن الغذائي لمئات ملايين الأشخاص الذين تشكل بالنسبة إليهم مصادر هامة للأغذية والطاقة والدخل. ومع ذلك، لا تزال الزراعة تشكّل الدافع الرئيسي للتصحّر في العالم وغالباً ما تكون السياسات الزراعية والحرجية والمتعلقة بالأراضي مخالفة لها.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Honduras
    Mauritius
    Zambia
    Afghanistan
    Azerbaijan
    Germany
    Canada
    Iran
    Guinea
    Costa Rica
    Kenya
    South Africa
    Nicaragua
    Moldova
    Somalia
    Haiti
    Italy
    Ecuador
    Kazakhstan
    Georgia
    Armenia

    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
    Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/16
    Session: Sess.16

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Georgia
    Netherlands
    Asia

    This issue of the E-newsletter consists of three stories: 1.Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation (PCE) in Georgia 2. European Countries aim for ‘Green Economy,’ reducing deforestation 3. FAO and ILO working together to stamp out child labour in agriculture.