Georgia

Georgia

English

Georgia is a largely mountainous country in which the rural population, 47% of the total, has not benefited from the country’s economic growth.  Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Georgia’s agricultural productivity has declined, shifting the GDP to a largely service-based economy.

The Constitution of 1995 recognizes the right to property and prohibits restrictions on the right to acquire, alienate and inherit property. The Law on State Registry of 2004 and the Law on Public Registry govern land registration. The Law on Local Self Government of 2002 established that municipalities were allowed to lease pastures not intended for privatization; this initiative failed, however, and municipal pastures were transferred back to state ownership.

Common reasons for land disputes in Georgia are related to territories considered illegally occupied by the Russian Federation, land occupied by internally displaced people and pasture access and use. Formal courts are entitled to resolve land disputes; however there are many issues related to their competence, independence and impartiality.

 

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Caucasus "Land grab" feared in remote UNESCO heritage site

For the people of Upper Svaneti, a remote sliver of land nestled high in the gorges of Georgia, the last words uttered by the dying are portents of the future.

And the future looks bleak.

Residents say the same ominous rattle has echoed over so many of its death beds this past year - "The Svans are in danger, be careful" - that villagers are now braced for battle.

The source of their deep unease - electricity.

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