Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Located in Eastern Africa, north of Kenya, Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country that is home to nine ethnically based states and two self-governing administrations. The economy is largely based on agriculture, with over 80% of the population engaged in the production of crops and livestock. With a growing population of over 80 million people, Ethiopia is also the most populous landlocked country in the world. On average farm sizes are small, with more than 85% of farming households on less than 2 hectares.

Historically, land governance in Ethiopia has been marked by significant control by the state over the allocation and use of land, as well as different approaches to the distribution of rural land implemented under various regimes. This has led to a lack of access to land and to insecure land tenure for the rural poor, particularly peasants, pastoralists, women and others who depend on land and other natural resources for their livelihoods.

Land certification initiatives have been expanded to millions of households nationwide generally with positive results, though critics call for greater measures to enhance tenure security and stimulate greater economic investments at the local level.

Some of the main land-related issues in the country include: improving land tenure security for smallholder farmers, pastoralists and women; coordination and harmonization among different institutions involved in land governance; greater transparency related to land leases to foreign investors.

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Indicators

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Mapping

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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Legend
  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Ethiopia: Rehabilitating Dry Lands Ensures Global Food Security - IFAD

By Desta Gebrehiwot
Date: November 15th 2016
Source: AllAfrica.com / The Ethiopian Herald

The United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) stressed the need for rehabilitating dry lands in order to cope with the negative impacts of climate change, land degradation and drought.

Ethiopia: Imperative Action to Address Land Degradation

By: Justus Wanzala
Date: November 11th 2016
Source: AllAfrica.com / Ethiopian Herald

ANALYSIS

Land degradation already affects millions of people, bringing biodiversity loss, reduced availability of clean water, food insecurity and greater vulnerability to the harsh impacts of climate change.

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