The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies. This relationship has influenced legislative agenda of recent years, leading to the design of a new land law that reflects the proposals of power groups in government and the current state discourse.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

Loading data ...

Compare countries


Loading data ...


Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    27 March 2017


    After three years of working with local governments and indigenous communities, the Provincial Council of Pastaza established the Pastaza Ecological Area of Sustainable Development in the center of the Ecuadorian Amazon region. The area covers more than 2.5 million hectares (about 6.2 million acres) and occupies about 90 percent of the area of ​​the province of the same name.

    15 January 2017

    Indigenous battles to defend nature have taken to the streets, leading to powerful mobilizations like the gathering at Standing Rock. They have also taken to the courts, through the development of innovative legal ways of protecting nature. In Ecuador, Bolivia and New Zealand, indigenous activism has helped spur the creation of a novel legal phenomenon -- the idea that nature itself can have rights.

    Latest Blog

    Photo CC Steve McCurry

    I wouldn’t say Chinese investors are not trying to take social responsibility seriously, but they must understand that the meaning of responsible investment is much more than a few corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs.

    Latest Events


    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 13 - 18 of 100
    January 2014

    La presente Ley orgánica reformatoria al Código orgánico de organización territorial, autonomía y descentralización (COOTAD), establece requisitos para la creación de cantones ubicados en la franja fronteriza y en las provincias amazónicas que será de diez mil habitantes, para el informe técnico emitido por el organismo responsable de los límites internos y extensión de la nueva circunscripción, y la naturaleza de las circunscripciones territoriales de Comunidades, Pueblos y Nacionalidades Indígenas, Afroecuatorianas y Montubias.Sobre el ejercicio de la competencia de gestión de riesgos, lo

    February 2008

    El presente Decreto crea el bono de titulación emitido por el Estado, destinado a legalizar los predios de los beneficiarios del bono de vivienda que posean terrenos o los adquieran para la construcción de viviendas nuevas en áreas urbanas, rurales y urbano marginales.

    August 2015

    El presente Acuerdo emite el Mapa de cobertura y uso de la tierra del Ecuador Continental 2013 - 2014, que constituye una herramienta oficial para los distintos niveles de gobierno del Ecuador para la elaboración de los planes de desarrollo y ordenamiento territorial (PDOT) de los Gobiernos Autónomos Descentralizados (GAD); además podrá usarse para fines de investigación u otros usos que pueden ser de beneficio para instituciones públicas o privadas.La finalidad del mapa abarca: 1) el fomento del análisis de diferentes variables espaciales ambientales, biofísicas y agroproductivas que propo

    April 2009

    El presente Acuerdo aprueba el instructivo para la elaboracion y aplicacion del proceso de valoracion de tierras requerida por la Unidad Ejecutora MAGAP – PRAT, en las que se ejecuta el Programa Sistema Nacional de Gestión e Información de Tierras Rurales (SIGTIERRAS).

    Implementa: Acuerdo Nº 160 - Programa Sistema Nacional de Gestión e Información de Tierras Rurales (SIGTIERRAS). (2008-09-23)

    December 2014

    El presente Decreto aprueba el Reglamento para el desarrollo de las disposiciones de la Ley para la fijación de límites territoriales internos, que comprende la georeferenciación de los elementos de linderación en cartografía oficial de las circunscripciones territoriales. El Comité Nacional de Límites Internos es el organismo responsable de la coordinación de la política de modificación de la organización territorial del Estado.

    October 2015

    La presente Resolución tiene por objeto establecer los requisitos y el procedimiento administrativo para el registro de instalaciones centralizadas de gas licuado de petróleo (GLP) en el catastro de la Agencia de Regulación y Control Hidrocarburífero (ARCH). Se aplicará a nivel nacional a efectos de catastrar las instalaciones centralizadas de GLP en los diferentes segmentos de mercado y sus respectivos usos.