The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies. This relationship has influenced legislative agenda of recent years, leading to the design of a new land law that reflects the proposals of power groups in government and the current state discourse.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    27 March 2017


    After three years of working with local governments and indigenous communities, the Provincial Council of Pastaza established the Pastaza Ecological Area of Sustainable Development in the center of the Ecuadorian Amazon region. The area covers more than 2.5 million hectares (about 6.2 million acres) and occupies about 90 percent of the area of ​​the province of the same name.

    15 January 2017

    Indigenous battles to defend nature have taken to the streets, leading to powerful mobilizations like the gathering at Standing Rock. They have also taken to the courts, through the development of innovative legal ways of protecting nature. In Ecuador, Bolivia and New Zealand, indigenous activism has helped spur the creation of a novel legal phenomenon -- the idea that nature itself can have rights.

    Latest Blog

    Photo CC Steve McCurry

    I wouldn’t say Chinese investors are not trying to take social responsibility seriously, but they must understand that the meaning of responsible investment is much more than a few corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs.

    Latest Events


    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 100
    July 2010

    La presente Resolución aprueba las Políticas Nacionales de Información Geoespacial, cuyo objetivo general garantizar la generación, procesamiento, disponibilidad, intercambio, actualización, difusión y uso de información geoespacial, generada a nivel nacional, para proveer el marco general que impulse la creación, mantenimiento y administración de la Infraestructura Ecuatoriana de Datos Geoespaciales (IEDG) y el fortalecimiento del Sistema Nacional Descentralizado de Planificación Participativa (SNDPP).

    National Policies
    January 2011

    El presente documento contiene el Plan de Igualdad, No Discriminación y Buen Vivir para las Mujeres Ecuatorianas. El Plan, que tiene alcance nacional y se refiere al período 2010-2014, expresa una visión de desarrollo que privilegia la consecución del buen vivir, presupone la ampliación de las libertades, oportunidades y potencialidades de los seres humanos, e implica recuperar las capacidades de gestión, planificación, regulación y redistribución del Estado, profundizando los procesos de desconcentración, descentralización y participación ciudadana.

    August 2014

    El presente Acuerdo expide los Lineamientos del Plan Nacional de Cambio Climático (PNCC) que desarrolla la Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático (ENCC) 2012-2025. El PNCC es un instrumento diseñado para hacer efectiva la transversalización del cambio climático y como tal puede integrar en el marco de un enfoque sectorial, tanto aspectos de mitigación, como de adaptación al cambio climático y acciones concretas a impulsar desde las áreas identificadas como prioritarias.

    July 2010

    El presente Decreto modifica el Reglamento para la aplicación del impuesto a las tierras rurales, en relación a las tierras dedicadas a la actividad de silvicultura en los bosques privados que están exonerados del impuesto. En consecuencia, la aplicación del impuesto para tierras dedicadas a la actividad silvicultura se realizará a partir del momento en que se inicie la fase extractiva.

    September 2008

    El presente Acuerdo encarga a la Unidad Ejecutora MAGAP - PRAT, la ejecución del Programa Sistema Nacional de Gestión e Información de Tierras Rurales (SIGTIERRAS), en los ámbitos técnico, administrativo, financiero, de gestión y control.

    Implementado por: Acuerdo Nº 61 - Instructivo para la elaboracion y aplicacion del proceso de valoracion de tierras requerida por la Unidad Ejecutora MAGAP – PRAT. (2009-04-23)
    Implementa: Decreto Nº 1.092 - Reglamento para la aplicación del impuesto a las tierras rurales. (2008-05-18)