The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies. This relationship has influenced legislative agenda of recent years, leading to the design of a new land law that reflects the proposals of power groups in government and the current state discourse.
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Last month, the South African Independent Electoral Commission announced in frustration that it needs USD 22.9 million to collect addresses ahead of a court-mandated deadline, a problem compounded by the fact that most townships don’t have well-marked street names.
After three years of working with local governments and indigenous communities, the Provincial Council of Pastaza established the Pastaza Ecological Area of Sustainable Development in the center of the Ecuadorian Amazon region. The area covers more than 2.5 million hectares (about 6.2 million acres) and occupies about 90 percent of the area of the province of the same name.
The Ecuadorian government recently declared a state of emergency in the province of Morona Santiago, which civil society organizations say is harmfully restricting the rights of indigenous communities.
Indigenous battles to defend nature have taken to the streets, leading to powerful mobilizations like the gathering at Standing Rock. They have also taken to the courts, through the development of innovative legal ways of protecting nature. In Ecuador, Bolivia and New Zealand, indigenous activism has helped spur the creation of a novel legal phenomenon -- the idea that nature itself can have rights.
I wouldn’t say Chinese investors are not trying to take social responsibility seriously, but they must understand that the meaning of responsible investment is much more than a few corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs.
Habitat III is the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development to take place in Quito, Ecuador, from 17 – 20 October 2016.
In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.
Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.
Es una realidad que hay contradicciones en cuanto al manejo y la tenencia de la tierra en América Latina, siendo una situación importante que impacta en las economías locales y en la vida de millones de personas. Aunque en las últimas dos décadas la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos han implementado en su legislación medidas para promover el acceso y derecho de la mujer a la tierra, siguen existiendo limitaciones que no han permitido un mayor avance hacia la equidad en la distribución de la tierra.
"Desde la antigüedad las mujeres soñamos defender la tierra para un futuro próspero, donde todos tengamos los mismos derechos sea hombre o mujer"(Antonia Grefa, Comunidad Veinticuatro De Mayo)
En la actualidad en la comunidad Veinticuatro de Mayo existe un porcentaje muy similar entre dirigentes hombres y mujeres, esto ha ayudado a que se equiparen los derechos y obligaciones dentro de esta comunidad.
During the past three decades, the Pisque watershed in Ecuador's Northern Andes has become the country's principal export-roses producing area. Recently, a new boom of local smallholders have established small rose greenhouses and joined the flower-export business. This has intensified water scarcity and material/discursive conflicts over water use priorities: water to defend local-national food sovereignty or production for export.
Una de las mayores trabas que obstaculizan el aumento de la productividad agrícola y los ingresos de la mujer rural es su falta de seguridad en materia de propiedad o tenencia. La tenencia de la tierra implica un conjunto de derechos que, sobre ésta, posee una persona o una organización. La seguridad de estos derechos no se limita a la propiedad privada; abarca varias formas como arriendo de la tierra pública o derecho del usuario a la propiedad comunal.
La realización de este estudio ha posibilitado al CLADEM Ecuador verificar el estado de cumplimiento de las obligaciones del Estado ecuatoriano para la vigencia del derecho de las mujeres a la vivienda adecuada y formular conclusiones y recomendaciones para el diseño de una política pública integral sobre el derecho de acceso a la vivienda con una perspectiva de género.
Colombia has submitted two national communications (NCs 2001, 2010) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), providing information on greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, and measures to mitigate and facilitate adequate adaptation to climate change, among other information. In 2015, Colombia also presented its First Biennial Update Report (BUR), including the REDD+ technical annex. In 2010 and 2012, GHG emissions from the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector contributed to respectively 58 % and 43% of the national GHG emissions.