2017-03-06 00:00:002017-03-02 00:00:002017-02-20 00:00:002017-02-08 00:00:002017-03-16 00:00:002016-04-24 00:00:001991-12-31 00:00:002017-02-01 00:00:002011-12-31 00:00:002010-12-31 00:00:001999-12-31 00:00:002014-12-31 00:00:00 COL | Land Portal





Inequities in land tenure have existed throughout the history of Colombia. This is primarily due to competing interests between small landholdings (minifundios) and large estates (latifundios); between peasants and landowners. Fundamental to Columbia is the existence of the internal armed conflict, which complicates social relations in the agricultural sector, not to mention land disputes heightened by the presence of large national and foreign companies. These disputes arise from the consolidated production model based on agribusiness for the production of raw materials for export.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    Colombian coal mine expansion imposes suffering on rural indigenous

    Array ( [value] => 2017-03-06 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Monday, March 6, 2017

    Date: 6 March 2017

    Source: peoplesworld

    The Wayúu indigenous people make up nearly half the population of La Guajira department in Colombia’s extreme northeast. They won’t be finding much peace from the agreement Colombia’s government and FARC insurgents signed in late 2016 to end their war. The government’s chief negotiator, Humberto de la Calle, said as much in 2012 when negotiations were beginning.

    Colombia: Yet Another Indigenous Child Dies of Hunger as Leaders Clamor for Rights

    Array ( [value] => 2017-02-08 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Wednesday, February 8, 2017

    Date: 6 February 2017

    Source: Telesur

    Up to 15,000 children in La Guajira suffer chronic malnutrition today in the face of a lack of basic necessities.

    Latest Blog

    When indigenous peoples have access and rights to their lands, nature and people are better off Image: REUTERS/Roosevelt Cassio

    Indigenous peoples are the real climate experts. So why aren't we listening to them?

    By Gina Cosentino, Social Development Specialist, World Bank and Climate Investment Funds

    Everything old is new again, at least when it comes to searching for workable and proven solutions to addressing climate change. Indigenous peoples have developed, over time, innovative climate-smart practices rooted in traditional knowledge and their relationship with nature.

    Latest Events

    Lanzamiento: Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales (OCA)

    Array ( [value] => 2017-03-16 00:00:00 [value2] => 2017-03-16 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    16 March 2017



    El 16 y 17 de marzo, el Instituto de Estudios Ambientales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia presentará el Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales en la Sede Bogotá. El OCA hará seguimiento, análisis y sistematización, a los conflictos asociados a los proyectos minero - energéticos y de agroindustria en el país, y con ello contribuirá a la labor de defensa de los territorios que hacen las comunidades que viven los conflictos.

    Semana Internacional de la Sociedad Civil - ICSW 2016

    Array ( [value] => 2016-04-24 00:00:00 [value2] => 2016-04-28 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    24 April 2016 to 28 April 2016



    La Semana Internacional de la Sociedad Civil (ICSW por sus siglas en inglés) 2016 se celebrará en Bogotá, Colombia, del 25 al 28 de abril con el fin de:


    Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean

    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.


    Collective property in South America, challenges and prospects

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.




    Displaying 1 - 6 of 77

    From Risk and Conflict to Peace and Prosperity

    Array ( [value] => 2017-02-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Amid the realities of major political turbulence, there was growing recognition in 2016 that the land rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities are key to ensuring peace and prosperity, economic development, sound investment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. Despite equivocation by governments, a critical mass of influential investors and companies now recognize the market rationale for respecting community land rights.

    Resource information

    February 2017

    Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives - Women and Land. Securing Rights for Better Lives

    Array ( [value] => 2011-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    "This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
    • Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
    • Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.

    Resource information

    December 2011

    Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Colombia

    Array ( [value] => 2010-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

    Resource information

    December 2010

    Land Tenure Rights for Women Under Customary Law

    Array ( [value] => 2014-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    "This paper highlights women’s rights issues in accessing land under dual systems. The goal is to make the knowledge resulting from the use of a platform, such as the Global Housing Policy Indicators (GHI), accessible on an open source to all land specialists, NGOs, policy makers, governmental agencies, as well as a global audience, including women around the world. The cases presented illustrate various difficulties to secure land tenure for women.

    Resource information

    December 2014