Colombia

COL

Colombia

Inequities in land tenure have existed throughout the history of Colombia. This is primarily due to competing interests between small landholdings (minifundios) and large estates (latifundios); between peasants and landowners. Fundamental to Columbia is the existence of the internal armed conflict, which complicates social relations in the agricultural sector, not to mention land disputes heightened by the presence of large national and foreign companies. These disputes arise from the consolidated production model based on agribusiness for the production of raw materials for export.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    14 June 2017
    Colombia

    Jose Maria Lemus' murder adds to the growing list of recently assassinated social, Indigenous and human rights activists in Colombia.

    Jose Maria Lemus, president of the Tibu Community Board in Colombia’s North of Santander state, has been killed, the Peoples’ Congress reported Wednesday.

    His murder adds to the growing list of recently assassinated social, Indigenous and human rights activists in the South American country.

    9 June 2017
    Colombia

    Colombia is home to a swathe of rainforest roughly the size of Germany and England combined.

    CAQUETA, Colombia, June 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Seen from the air, muddy rivers snake through rolling forested hills stretching to the horizon in Colombia's southern province of Caqueta that for decades were rebel lairs and an epicentre of the civil war.

    A peace deal signed last year between the government and the rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) ended half a century of conflict.

    16 May 2017
    Colombia

     

    A collaboration between the Thomson Reuters Foundation and Link TV, "Trust Docs" is a new documentary series that explores underreported stories around the world. Watch full episodes of "Trust Docs" exclusively on Link TV.

    ACIN activists rush an injured man to a hospital after being attacked by Colombian police. | Photo: Twitter / Congreso de los Pueblos
    11 May 2017
    Colombia

    Colombia’s Association of Indigenous Councils of Northern Cauca, ACIN, announced in a press release on Tuesday that recent police aggression involving a firearm resulted in one death and two injuries. 

    ACIN claims three police trucks approached a “Liberation of Mother Earth” action in Corinto, dedicated to promoting environmentalism and Indigenous people’s rights to their ancestral lands, and opened fire. 

    Latest Blog

    Global
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Colombia
    Peru
    Asia
    Indonesia
    Nepal

    The recent World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, held this past March in Washington D.C., provided a unique opportunity to reflect on collective land tenure reforms not only from a research point of view, but also from that of governments.

    Traditionally, small ‘Pygmy’ communities moved frequently through forest territories, gathering a vast range of forest products, collecting and exchanging goods with neighboring settled societies. © Selcen Kucukustel/Atlas
    Global
    Brazil
    Colombia
    Malaysia
    India

    By  Lewis Evans, Survival International

    For Earth Day (April 22), Survival International reveals some of the amazing ways in which tribal peoples are the best conservationists and guardians of the natural world:

    1. The Baka “Pygmies” have over 15 words for elephant

    The Baka people know so much about elephants, they have different words for them according to their sex, age and even temperament.

    (Photo: AlCortés / Flickr)
    Colombia

    Colombia’s peaceful future hinges greatly on how the country deals with one issue: land.

    Latest Events

    16 March 2017

    Location

    Bogotá
    Colombia
    CO
    Colombia

    El 16 y 17 de marzo, el Instituto de Estudios Ambientales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia presentará el Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales en la Sede Bogotá. El OCA hará seguimiento, análisis y sistematización, a los conflictos asociados a los proyectos minero - energéticos y de agroindustria en el país, y con ello contribuirá a la labor de defensa de los territorios que hacen las comunidades que viven los conflictos.

    Debate

    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Closed
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Bolivia
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Paraguay
    Peru

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Closed
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    South America
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Ecuador
    Guyana
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.

    Partners

    Secretaría General Iberoamericana

    SESGIB

    Organización Intereclesiástica para la Cooperación al Desarrollo Centroamérica

    ICCO

    Cumbres de las Américas

    Corporación Viva la Ciudadanía

    Viva

    Comunidad Andina

    CAN

    Movimiento Regional por la tierra y el territorio

    MRxT

    Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe

    SELA

    Displacement Solutions

    DS

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 441
    Reports & Research
    November 2010

    According to the government agency Acción Social, around six per cent of national territory has been abandoned, while between 3.3 and 4.9 million people have been displaced by conflict and violence in Colombia. Roughly half of the internally displaced families owned or occupied land before their displacement. Almost all of them have lost it as a result.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March 2013

    By 2050, 90% of the population in Latin America will live in cities, but there is a lack of up-to-date spatial information about the urban extent and patterns of urbanization in cities of this region. In this study, we analyzed population growth, urban density and urbanization dynamics between 1992 and 2009 in the major cities of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Perú using Google Earth and DMSP/OLS night-time lights imagery. We used Google Earth to map the urban extent, and time series of night-time lights to analyze spatial patterns of urban development.

    Reports & Research
    June 2017

    Es una realidad que hay contradicciones en cuanto al manejo y la tenencia de la tierra en América Latina, siendo una situación importante que impacta en las economías locales y en la vida de millones de personas. Aunque en las últimas dos décadas la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos han implementado en su legislación medidas para promover el acceso y derecho de la mujer a la tierra, siguen existiendo limitaciones que no han permitido un mayor avance hacia la equidad en la distribución de la tierra.