Inequities in land tenure have existed throughout the history of Colombia. This is primarily due to competing interests between small landholdings (minifundios) and large estates (latifundios); between peasants and landowners. Fundamental to Columbia is the existence of the internal armed conflict, which complicates social relations in the agricultural sector, not to mention land disputes heightened by the presence of large national and foreign companies. These disputes arise from the consolidated production model based on agribusiness for the production of raw materials for export.
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Date: 6 March 2017
The Wayúu indigenous people make up nearly half the population of La Guajira department in Colombia’s extreme northeast. They won’t be finding much peace from the agreement Colombia’s government and FARC insurgents signed in late 2016 to end their war. The government’s chief negotiator, Humberto de la Calle, said as much in 2012 when negotiations were beginning.
Colombia’s peaceful future hinges greatly on how the country deals with one issue: land.
By Gina Cosentino, Social Development Specialist, World Bank and Climate Investment Funds
Everything old is new again, at least when it comes to searching for workable and proven solutions to addressing climate change. Indigenous peoples have developed, over time, innovative climate-smart practices rooted in traditional knowledge and their relationship with nature.
El 16 y 17 de marzo, el Instituto de Estudios Ambientales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia presentará el Observatorio de Conflictos Ambientales en la Sede Bogotá. El OCA hará seguimiento, análisis y sistematización, a los conflictos asociados a los proyectos minero - energéticos y de agroindustria en el país, y con ello contribuirá a la labor de defensa de los territorios que hacen las comunidades que viven los conflictos.
La Semana Internacional de la Sociedad Civil (ICSW por sus siglas en inglés) 2016 se celebrará en Bogotá, Colombia, del 25 al 28 de abril con el fin de:
In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.
Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.
The constitution was approved by a Constituent Assembly and was signed by its General Secretary.
Amid the realities of major political turbulence, there was growing recognition in 2016 that the land rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities are key to ensuring peace and prosperity, economic development, sound investment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. Despite equivocation by governments, a critical mass of influential investors and companies now recognize the market rationale for respecting community land rights.
"This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
• Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
• Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.
This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.
World Bank Report.
"This paper highlights women’s rights issues in accessing land under dual systems. The goal is to make the knowledge resulting from the use of a platform, such as the Global Housing Policy Indicators (GHI), accessible on an open source to all land specialists, NGOs, policy makers, governmental agencies, as well as a global audience, including women around the world. The cases presented illustrate various difficulties to secure land tenure for women.