Cameroon

CMR

Cameroon

Despite the abundance of its natural resources, in Cameroon 40% of the population is poor, especially women and children, and concentrated in rural areas.

The Constitution of 1996 states that citizens have the right to own property individually or in association with others. Two Ordinances also regulate land tenure in Cameroon; Ordinance No. 74-1 of 1974 and Ordinance No. 74-2 of 1974 have created a tenure system based on land registration. All privately-owned land must be registered in order to be considered private land. National land includes unoccupied land and land held under customary law. Rural land is generally regulated by customary law, which is managed by traditional local leaders who serve as land administrators; they give rights to individual families, and generally these rights are heritable through the male line.

Due to changing land use patterns, land degradation and lack of specific land policies, land disputes are common in Cameroon. In addition, as Cameroon does not have a system of cadastre and the costs for the registration of the land are high, land conflicts related to land transactions and land records are also frequent.

Source of the narrative

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    13 September 2017
    Cameroon

    YAOUNDE — 

    Leaders of Cameroon's indigenous forest peoples say their survival is at risk if they are further deprived of access to the lands that are the source of their livelihoods.

    Speaking in Cameroon's capital, Yaoundé, indigenous representatives said they had experienced increasingly serious violations of their land rights by palm oil and other agro-industries, mining firms and timber concessions, as well as the process of creating protected areas on their ancestral lands.

    26 July 2017
    Cameroon

    As Cameroon expands its ability to produce clean power, people living near the new dams are losing the forest they depend on

    PANGAR, Cameroon, July 26 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Sitting in front of his mud house in Pangar, a forest village in Cameroon's East region, Mokuine Anatole sharpens his machete in the early morning sunlight, ready for a day's hunting.

    29 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Cameroon
    Namibia

    With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, a new report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa. “Worrying that so little is done to protect the environment and the indigenous peoples,” says the report.
     

    Environmental degradation, cultural ethnocide and gross human rights violations: For indigenous peoples these are some of the consequences of the current global race for natural resources and raw materials.

    Cameroon

    By: Patrick Barkham

    Date: 5 January 2017

    Source: The Guardian

    In unprecedented move, OECD will look into allegations that world’s largest conservation organisation facilitated abuse of Baka people of Cameroon

    Latest Blog

    Cameroon
    Global

    This is a contribution to our ongoing debate 'Open Data and Land Governance: Increased accountability and transparency as a means to overcoming poverty?'. Join in and ad your voice to the discussion!


    By Kaitlin Cordes, Head of Land and Agriculture at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 235
    Reports & Research
    June 2017
    Cameroon
    Western Africa
    Ghana
    Senegal

    A recent surge in agribusiness plantation deals has increased pressures on land in many low- and middle-income countries. Rural people have mobilised to protect their rights, seek better terms or oppose the deals altogether. Since 2014, an initiative in Cameroon, Ghana and Senegal has worked to help people harness the law in order to have greater control over decisions that affect them – a process commonly referred to as legal empowerment. 

    Tenure and Investment in Africa cover image
    Reports & Research
    February 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Cameroon
    Burkina Faso
    Liberia
    Mali
    Senegal

    This synthesis of our findings from an investigation of tenure risk in East, West, and Southern Africa, shows that a majority of tenure disputes are caused by the displacement of local peoples, indicating that companies and investors are not doing enough to understand competing claims to the land they acquire or lease. This failure in diligence is particularly noteworthy given that a majority of the disputes analyzed had materially significant impacts: indeed, a higher proportion of projects in Africa are financially impacted by tenure dispute than any other region in the world. 

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Equatorial Guinea
    Kenya
    Burundi
    Namibia
    Swaziland
    Tonga
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Congo
    Cameroon
    Rwanda
    South Africa
    Central African Republic
    Botswana
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Chad
    Gabon
    Africa

    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.1
    Session: Sess. 20

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Mauritius
    Kenya
    Zambia
    Gambia
    Mali
    Burundi
    Germany
    Guinea-Bissau
    Swaziland
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Guinea
    Sierra Leone
    Ethiopia
    Comoros
    Cameroon
    Rwanda
    Tanzania
    Senegal
    Chad
    Gabon

    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
    Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/Inf.11.1
    Session: Sess. 16

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Fiji
    Estonia
    Kenya
    Chile
    Samoa
    Germany
    Vanuatu
    Tonga
    Malawi
    Republic of Korea
    Colombia
    Thailand
    Nepal
    Japan
    Kiribati
    Hungary
    Cameroon
    Tanzania
    Brazil
    Argentina
    Latvia
    Mexico
    Uganda
    Czech Republic

    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
    Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/Inf.13
    Session: Sess. 16