Despite the abundance of its natural resources, in Cameroon 40% of the population is poor, especially women and children, and concentrated in rural areas.

The Constitution of 1996 states that citizens have the right to own property individually or in association with others. Two Ordinances also regulate land tenure in Cameroon; Ordinance No. 74-1 of 1974 and Ordinance No. 74-2 of 1974 have created a tenure system based on land registration. All privately-owned land must be registered in order to be considered private land. National land includes unoccupied land and land held under customary law. Rural land is generally regulated by customary law, which is managed by traditional local leaders who serve as land administrators; they give rights to individual families, and generally these rights are heritable through the male line.

Due to changing land use patterns, land degradation and lack of specific land policies, land disputes are common in Cameroon. In addition, as Cameroon does not have a system of cadastre and the costs for the registration of the land are high, land conflicts related to land transactions and land records are also frequent.

Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

Loading data ...

Compare countries


Loading data ...


Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    Latest Blog

    Opening up land contracts and land data ... with caution

    This is a contribution to our ongoing debate 'Open Data and Land Governance: Increased accountability and transparency as a means to overcoming poverty?'. Join in and ad your voice to the discussion!

    By Kaitlin Cordes, Head of Land and Agriculture at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 44

    Tenure and Investment in Africa

    This synthesis of our findings from an investigation of tenure risk in East, West, and Southern Africa, shows that a majority of tenure disputes are caused by the displacement of local peoples, indicating that companies and investors are not doing enough to understand competing claims to the land they acquire or lease. This failure in diligence is particularly noteworthy given that a majority of the disputes analyzed had materially significant impacts: indeed, a higher proportion of projects in Africa are financially impacted by tenure dispute than any other region in the world. 

    Resource information

    February 2017

    Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives - Women and Land. Securing Rights for Better Lives

    "This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
    • Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
    • Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.

    Resource information

    December 2011