Ivory Coast

Since its independence in 1960, Cote D’Ivoire experienced a long period of stability and economic growth thanks to the investments in the agricultural sector. However, in 1980 rapid population growth and internal migration from urban to rural areas increased the pressure on the management and distribution of natural resources, which gave rise to a series of conflicts over land. The 1999 Coup d’Etat exacerbated the situation, as conflicts and political instability spread, particularly in relation to the control of land.

The 2000 Constitution guarantees the right of property to all. In particular, since the colonial period, vacant land in Cote d’Ivoire is considered state property, while occupied land has been governed by the customary land tenure system. A decree of March 1967 confirms the customary laws regulating land, stating that land belongs to the person who makes it profitable. The Rural Land Plan of 1989 financed by the World Bank was the first attempt for the establishment of a secure system of land tenure through a survey identifying land rights and land use, the establishment of plots’ limits and the introduction of new methods for land registration. In 1998, the Rural Land Law was passed with the aim of transforming customary land rights into private property rights regulated by the state. The law did not reach its scope, as the vast majority of rural land in the country is still governed by customary practices.

Conflicts and violence in Cote d’Ivoire have been strongly related to land. When the economy started to slow down, people began migrating from urban to rural areas where migrants from different countries and cultures had moved to cultivate the land. This gave rise to land disputes, which are generally mediated by the heads of the villages, who are widely respected among people and they have proved to be more effective than the formal mechanisms of land disputes resolution envisaged by the rural Land Law. 

Source

Indicators

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

    Media

    Latest News

    Ivory Coast

    By: Joe Bavier

    Date: 19 September 2016

    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation 

    Rights groups have accused Ivory Coast authorities of failing to provide a minimum level of support when they evicted tens of thousands of illegal cocoa farmers from a national park, leaving them vulnerable and putting pressure on local communities.

    The government rejected the criticism on Friday.

    Global
    Ivory Coast
    Mexico
    Nigeria
    Peru
    Spain
    United States of America

    By: Chris Arsenault
    Date: September 1st 2016
    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

    RIO DE JANEIRO (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Countries will be unable to meet their climate change pledges unless they secure land rights for people living in the world's tropical forests, indigenous leaders told an international conference of regional governors meeting in Mexico.

    Organizations

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 66
    Bouaké-bâtiment-principal.jpg
    Journal Articles & Books
    August 2017
    Ivory Coast

    Date: août 2017

    Source: Foncier & Développement

    Par: Jean Philippe Colin

    Depuis quelques années, la question foncière dans les pays du Sud et en transition est abordée avec pour thème privilégié les « grandes acquisitions » de terres agricoles par des opérateurs  internationaux. La place des élites nationales dans la reconfiguration des structures agraires reste souvent ignorée.

    agriculture.jpg
    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2017
    Algeria
    Madagascar
    Mozambique
    Ivory Coast

    Date: juin 2017

    Source: Foncier & Développement 

    Ce dossier sur le renouvellement des formes et des enjeux de l’accès à la terre agricole au Sud rassemble des contributions présentées lors du colloque SFER « Le foncier agricole : usages, tensions et régulations », qui s’est tenu à Lyon les 11 et 12 juin 2014.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    France
    Equatorial Guinea
    Nigeria
    Mauritius
    Canada
    Mali
    Germany
    Indonesia
    Burkina Faso
    Ivory Coast
    Ethiopia
    Comoros
    Cameroon
    South Africa
    Netherlands
    India
    Ghana

    Forests are essential to life on our planet, to mitigating and adapting to climate change, ensuring adequate supply of fresh water, enhancing biodiversity and providing sustainable incomes and livelihoods, including food security. But they face unprecedented and unrelenting pressures. This issue includes a broad selection of the best papers submitted to the XIV World Forestry Congress (Durban, September 2015), as well as an overview of the Congress’s ambitious agenda and outcomes.

    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Switzerland
    United States of America
    Togo
    Mali
    France
    Canada
    Congo
    Niger
    Nigeria
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Italy
    Austria
    Senegal
    Chad
    Gabon
    Ivory Coast

    TTI disseminates current information on all aspects of tsetse and trypansomosis research and control to institutions and invididuals involved in the problems of African trypanosomosis. This services forms an integral part of the Programme Against African Trypanosomosis (PAAT).

    cadre_CI.PNG
    Reports & Research
    January 2016
    Ivory Coast

    Date : 2016

    Source : Foncier & Développement

    Par : Georges Kouame | Banque Mondiale

    Le Cadre d’analyse de la gouvernance foncière est un outil élaboré en 2011 par la Banque mondiale dans le cadre d’un partenariat avec la FAO, l’ONU-Habitat, le FIDA, l’IFPRI, l’Union Africaine et des Agences de développement bilatérales.