Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


    Latest News

    18 May 2017


    SANTIAGO, May 18 2017 (IPS) - Water at high prices, sold as a market good, and small farmers almost a species in extinction, replaced by seasonal workers, are the visible effects of the crisis in rural Chile, 50 years after a land reform which postulated that “the land is for those who work it.”

    27 February 2017

    By: Javiera Quiroga

    Date: 27 February 2017


    Landslides close to the Chilean capital Santiago killed three people over the weekend, while cutting off water supplies to millions of homes, the National Emergency Office said.

    Another 373 people remain cut off after the rains swept away roads and bridges, said Ricardo Toro, director of Chile’s National Emergency Office.

    27 January 2017

    By: Orlando Milesi

    Date: 26 Janaury 2017

    Source: Inter Press Service

    The lands where the Mapuche indigenous people live in southern Chile are caught up in a spiral of violence, which a presidential commission is setting out to stop with 50 proposals, such as the constitutional recognition of indigenous people and their representation in parliament, in a first shift in the government´s treatment of native peoples.


    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    South America

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 358
    In the Valley of the Shadow of Death? cover image
    Reports & Research
    May 2017

    London Mining Network is an alliance of human rights, development, environmental and solidarity groups working in support of communities around the world who are badly affected by mining companies based in, or financed from, London.

    One such company is Antofagasta plc, one of the larger mining companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. The majority of its operations are in Chile. The most significant shareholders in Antofagasta are members of the Luksic family, a wealthy Chilean family which is also involved in a number of other businesses.

    Reports & Research
    May 2017

    Este estudio indaga sobre la inserción y experiencia laboral de los jóvenes rurales en el Chile de la segunda década del siglo XXI; esos jóvenes, hombres y mujeres que actualmente tienen entre 15 y 29 años, han nacido y se están desarrollando en un entorno económico, social, cultural e incluso demográfico radicalmente distinto del de sus abuelos, quienes vivieron su infancia y/o adolescencia durante el período de la reforma agraria -probablemente la transformación más profunda en la historia de la sociedad chilena-, por lo cual la hemos identificado como la generación de los “nietos de la r

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    Co‐management (Co‐M), defined as the sharing of management tasks and responsibilities between governments and local users, is emerging as a powerful institutional arrangement to redress fisheries paradigm failures, yet long‐term assessments of its performance are lacking. A comparative analysis of five small‐scale Latin American shellfisheries was conducted to identify factors suggesting success and failure.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Dominican Republic
    El Salvador

    Una de las mayores trabas que obstaculizan el aumento de la productividad agrícola y los ingresos de la mujer rural es su falta de seguridad en materia de propiedad o tenencia. La tenencia de la tierra implica un conjunto de derechos que, sobre ésta, posee una persona o una organización. La seguridad de estos derechos no se limita a la propiedad privada; abarca varias formas como arriendo de la tierra pública o derecho del usuario a la propiedad comunal.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016

    Muchos estudios han abordado el tema de la producción agrícola y alimentaria, incluso respecto del aporte de las mujeres a las economías locales y los cambios de los sistemas alimentarios a nivel global. Sin embargo, en el ámbito rural, muchas veces las mujeres no son visibles, pese a que realizan una gran parte de las actividades en la finca. En general, además, los negocios rurales propiedad de mujeres tienden a enfrentar más barreras y reciben menos servicios y apoyo que los negocios en manos de hombres.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Costa Rica

    Dépliant promotionnel sur le rapport sur la Situation des forêts du monde 2016.</p>Stabilisateurs des sols et du climat, régulateurs des cours d’eau, dispensateurs d’ombrage et d’abris ainsi que d’un habitat pour les pollinisateurs et les ennemis naturels des ravageurs d’importance agricole, les forêts et les arbres sous-tendent la durabilité de l’agriculture. Source appréciable de nourriture, d’énergie et de revenu, ils contribuent également à la sécurité alimentaire de centaines de millions de personnes.