Brazil

Brazil has one of the most advanced legal frameworks in Latin America and the Caribbean region (LAC) related to the recognition of land and property rights. The 1988 Constitution, together with a series of laws and land tools [1], provide that property must serve a social function. Brazil's laws also recognize the right to adequate housing and property, both in rural and urban areas. From a legal perspective, Brazilian citizens, particularly those from vulnerable groups such as  poor people, women, indigenous and traditional populations, can now claim their land rights. Depending on whether the land is public or private, individual and collective rights to use or own land can be obtained, after a minimum period of peaceful possession. In addition, many land-related policies, such as land regularization and housing programs, also acknowledge that women should receive preference in obtaining land rights.

The situation on the ground, however, is quite different from what Brazil’s progressive legislation implies. For instance, an estimated 250,000 people have been evicted, affected or threatened of eviction in various cities, during the period leading up to the World Cup and Olympic Games [2]. The evictions occurred mainly in areas of increasing land value, such as alongside the routes to/from the airport – stadium – touristic center, due to the implementation of public infrastructure and private real estate developments. Forced and violent evictions were often reported even when families had formal property titles. Moreover, market evictions and gentrification have also occurred in many documented cases, through more “quiet” processes in comparison to the violent massive evictions mentioned above. Recurring evictions in Brazil highlight the weaknesses of decades of regularization and housing programs that focused on individual freehold titles.

 

Indicators

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Forest land owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Forests are considered to be “owned” where communities have full legal rights to secure their claims to forests, defined in RRI’s rese

Measurement unit
Million ha

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Property rights are a cornerstone of economic development and social justice.

Measurement unit
Percent

Naturally regenerated forest of native species (1'000 Ha), where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

Loading map...

Forest land designated by governments for Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Ownership of forest land under this category remains claimed by the state but some rights have been recognized by

Measurement unit
Million ha

Compare countries

PRIndex - Perceived Tenure Security

Loading chart...

Property rights are a cornerstone of economic development and social justice.

Measurement unit
Percent
Loading spider chart
Loading pie chart

Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

30 November 2017
Brazil

We all know the first and most basic lesson of economics: incentives matter. This is surely why, as a new investigation by The Guardian has revealed, fires in the favelas of Sao Paolo are happening where land values are greater.

30 November 2017
Brazil

Members of the Brazilian indigenous Guaraní community took part in peaceful protests against privatisation of state parks. Their demonstrations were also calling attention to their dire living conditions. For instance, Guarani living in São Paulo are confined to two tiny villages the size of four football pitches. Land is a vital part of the Guaraní culture and tradition, however their current condition means that they are slowly losing touch with their cultural past by not being able to utilise their land for fishing, gathering and planting.

7 November 2017
Brazil
  • Brazilian president Michel Temer has twice survived National Congress votes to initiate impeachment against him on extensive corruption charges.
  • Temer did so by selling out the environment, particularly the Amazon, to the ruralists who largely control the assembly.
  • Among the concessions made or promised to ruralists are presidential decrees to allow agribusiness to rent indigenous lands, forgiving unpaid environmental fines owed by landowners, and ending any enforcement of restrictions on labor “equivalent to slavery.”
2 November 2017
Brazil

"If we don’t immediately start to demonstrate that forest services will be fairly paid, we will have serious problems," said environmental minister Jose Sarney Filho

BRASILIA (Reuters) - The best way to further reduce deforestation in the Amazon rainforest is paying owners to preserve their land, and Brazil plans to discuss how to fund such a program at a climate summit next month, the country’s environmental minister said on Monday.

Latest Blog

South America
Brazil

   |   19 .07. 2017   |   LINDSAY BIGDA, RRI COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER

In Brazil, indigenous and Afro-descendant communities face unprecedented threats to their hard-won territorial and constitutional rights.

Traditionally, small ‘Pygmy’ communities moved frequently through forest territories, gathering a vast range of forest products, collecting and exchanging goods with neighboring settled societies. © Selcen Kucukustel/Atlas
Global
Brazil
Colombia
Malaysia
India

By  Lewis Evans, Survival International

For Earth Day (April 22), Survival International reveals some of the amazing ways in which tribal peoples are the best conservationists and guardians of the natural world:

1. The Baka “Pygmies” have over 15 words for elephant

The Baka people know so much about elephants, they have different words for them according to their sex, age and even temperament.

Latest Events

27 November 2017 to 30 November 2017

Location

Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
Piauí
Brazil
BR
Brazil

A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

 

Coordenador

23 August 2017 to 25 August 2017

Location

Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
Brazil
BR
Latin America and the Caribbean
Brazil
Portugal
Spain

Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

11 August 2017 to 11 October 2017

Location

Av. Presidente Vargas, 417/ 8º 20.071-003 – Rio de Janeiro – RJ
2224-8577 Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
BR
Brazil

O Comitê Executivo da Rede Brasileira de Pesquisa em Soberania e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional tem a satisfação de confirmar a realização do III Encontro Nacional de Pesquisa em SSAN nos dias 08, 09 e 10 de Novembro de 2017, na cidade de Curitiba (PR), em local ainda a ser escolhido entre as opções existentes.

A programação do Encontro ainda está sendo finalizada, porém, podemos antecipar as seguintes informações:

7 June 2017 to 9 June 2017

Location

Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
13083-970 São Paulo
Brazil
BR
Brazil

O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

Debate

Closed
23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
Facilitators
Alejandro Diez
gonzalocolque
Sergio Coronado
Juan Pablo Chumacero
Latin America and the Caribbean
South America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Venezuela

Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1026
Reports & Research
September 2017
Mozambique
Angola
Cape Verde
Brazil
Portugal

Na sequência do Segundo Fórum para a Agricultura Familiar e Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional na Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa (FAFSAN II–setembro de 2016), onde a sociedade civil propôs um Pacto Multi-atores para a Governança Sustentável da Terra na Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa (CPLP), tendo recebido adesão por parte dos diferentes atores também presentes na Mesa de Discussão que debateu este tema (nomeadamente, Mecanismos de participação social no CONSAN-CPLP, incluindo, Mecanismo das Universidades e Centros de Investigação, Mecanismo dos Parlamentares e Mecanis

Manuals & Guidelines
June 2017
Mozambique
Angola
Sao Tome and Principe
Cape Verde
Guinea-Bissau
Brazil
Timor-Leste
Portugal
CPLP countries

Diretrizes de Apoio e Promoção da Agricultura Familiar nos Estados membros da CPLP aprovadas na II Reunião extraordinária do Conselho Regional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional da CPLP (CONSAN-CPLP)

Manuals & Guidelines
May 2017
Brazil

Edição nº 99 da Revista do meio ambiente: O que está em jogo na "Economia Verde"

Manuals & Guidelines
May 2017
Brazil

Esta publicação busca trazer a todos os Municípios brasileiros orientações sobre como incorporar a nova agenda de desenvolvimento, a Agenda de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (Agenda 2030) no planejamento e na gestão municipal. Trata-se de uma agenda global para o desenvolvimento humano e sustentável à qual o Brasil, junto com outros 192 países, aderiu em setembro de 2015, e que deve ser implantada até 2030.

Policy Papers & Briefs
April 2017
Brazil
Central America
South America

Key Messages

• A governance approach, combining public policy and private initiatives was effective in slowing down deforestation, but

was unable to support a transition to more sustainable production systems.

• New technical intensification models must be identified for low-productivity systems in degraded lands, adapted to the

biophysical and sociotechnical conditions of the Amazonian landscapes.

• Multiple constraints inhibit progress toward sustainable intensification of cattle ranching, and reversing them requires that

Prindex cover image
Reports & Research
March 2017
Egypt
Tanzania
Nigeria
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Indonesia
Greece

This report presents results from nationally representative surveys with 1,000 residents aged 15 and older in eight countries — Brazil, Colombia, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Nigeria, Peru and Tanzania — and with 3,000 residents in India. Each survey attained comprehensive coverage of both urban and rural areas of the country using multi-stage stratified cluster sampling.1 Standardized interviewer and supervisor training, as well as robust validation of data collection/data entry, help to ensure rigorous quality standards.