2017-03-06 00:00:002013-04-01 00:00:002010-01-01 00:00:001972-12-31 00:00:002011-03-01 00:00:002011-01-01 00:00:002003-12-31 00:00:00 BGD | Land Portal





Bangladesh has a predominantly agricultural economy and the establishment of an efficient land tenure system is crucial to face the challenges it faces to overcome challenges presented by food insecurity and climate change.

The National Land Use Policy of 2001 set out the guidelines for eliminating the high conversion rate of agricultural land to non-agricultural purposes, for the use of agro-ecological zones to determine maximum land-use efficiency and for improving the environmental sustainability of land-use practices. The ownership of land in Bangladesh is still regulated by the Transfer Property Act of 1882 and the Registration Act of 1908, which establish the procedures for titling and registration of land ownership and the procedures of updating land records.

However, tenure security and access to land remain inequitable, in particular in rural areas where 89% of landowners own less than 1 ha and 39% have less than 0.2 ha. In addition, despite the constitutional ban on the discrimination of property rights based on gender, women lack equal property rights and rarely hold title to land. The unequal distribution of land in Bangladesh is also exacerbated by the violence due to scarcity of land and by ‘land grabs’ of both rural and urban land by domestic actors. Additionally, the county’s geographical position in the floodplains of three major rivers creates an elevated level of vulnerability to floods and related problems, including expropration.


Source of the narrative

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Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    Draft law proposed for protection of indigenous groups’ land rights

    Array ( [value] => 2017-03-06 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Monday, March 6, 2017

    Date: 5 Match 2017

    Source: Dhaka Tribune

    The proposed law has been jointly prepared by Manusher Jonno Foundation, Indigenous People Development Services (IPDS), Brotee, Gram Bikash Kendro, and Jatiya Adibashi Parishad.

    Indigenous leaders and NGOs have demanded that a draft law proposal protecting the rights of 38 plain land indigenous communities be placed in parliament in the current session.

    Land rights in Chittagong Hill Tracts a far cry

    By: Nure Alam Durjoy

    Date: December 02, 2016

    Source: Dhaka Tribune

    Nineteen years after the peace agreement was signed, a clear roadmap for implementing the CHT Accord is still being discussed.

    Developing a clear roadmap for the land dispute resolution act was the biggest concern to emerge from a meeting held on Friday to mark the 19th anniversary of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Accord signing.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 208

    Organic prawns from Bangladesh

    Array ( [value] => 2011-03-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    King prawns are a delicacy worldwide, but some breeding processes are responsible for extensive environmental damage, especially in mangrove forests. The widespread use of antibiotics also has a negative impact on human health. The cultivation of 'organic prawns' could be a real alternative.

    Resource information

    March 2011

    Female migration: cultural and social change in Bangladesh

    Array ( [value] => 2011-01-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    The debate about the e? ects of migration is still centred on economic aspects. However, the return of migrants also changes the society and cultures of their country of origin. These changes are particularly pronounced where women have emigrated and return to their communities after several years’ absence.

    Resource information

    January 2011

    Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time

    Array ( [value] => 2003-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Full citation: Steinzor, N., "Women's Property and Inheritance Rights: Improving Lives in a Changing Time" FINAL SYNTHESIS AND CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS PAPER (USAID and WIDtech 2003).

    Resource information

    December 2003