Bangladesh

Bangladesh

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Bangladesh has a predominantly agricultural economy and the establishment of an efficient land tenure system is crucial to face the challenges it faces to overcome challenges presented by food insecurity and climate change.

The National Land Use Policy of 2001 set out the guidelines for eliminating the high conversion rate of agricultural land to non-agricultural purposes, for the use of agro-ecological zones to determine maximum land-use efficiency and for improving the environmental sustainability of land-use practices. The ownership of land in Bangladesh is still regulated by the Transfer Property Act of 1882 and the Registration Act of 1908, which establish the procedures for titling and registration of land ownership and the procedures of updating land records.

However, tenure security and access to land remain inequitable, in particular in rural areas where 89% of landowners own less than 1 ha and 39% have less than 0.2 ha. In addition, despite the constitutional ban on the discrimination of property rights based on gender, women lack equal property rights and rarely hold title to land. The unequal distribution of land in Bangladesh is also exacerbated by the violence due to scarcity of land and by ‘land grabs’ of both rural and urban land by domestic actors. Additionally, the county’s geographical position in the floodplains of three major rivers creates an elevated level of vulnerability to floods and related problems, including expropration.

 

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Indicators

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Mapping

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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Legend
  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Land rights in Chittagong Hill Tracts a far cry

By: Nure Alam Durjoy

Date: December 02, 2016

Source: Dhaka Tribune

Nineteen years after the peace agreement was signed, a clear roadmap for implementing the CHT Accord is still being discussed.

Developing a clear roadmap for the land dispute resolution act was the biggest concern to emerge from a meeting held on Friday to mark the 19th anniversary of the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Accord signing.

Bangladesh: 'Recognise ethnic minorities as indigenous people'

By: Star Country Desk
Date: August 10th 2016
Source: The Daily Star

Ethnic minorities in Bangladesh observed the International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples yesterday with a call for recognising them as indigenous people in the constitution.

Speakers at the programmes in different districts urged the government to ensure their education, health, land and social rights.

This year the theme of the Day is “Indigenous Peoples' Right to Education.”

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