1991-12-31 00:00:002017-02-01 00:00:002011-01-01 00:00:002011-01-01 00:00:002016-09-01 00:00:002012-12-31 00:00:00 BFA | Land Portal

BFA

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

English

Located in Western Africa, Burkina Faso is a landlocked country to the north of Ghana. Eighty percent of the population is rural, making a living primarily through agriculture, livestock and forestry on small family farms. Cotton is the main cash crop, and cotton and gold are the country’s main exports.

The country is subject to endemic droughts, which along with land use changes, population pressures, and land tenure insecurity have contributed to food shortages. Almost half of the population lives in poverty.

After declaring its independence from France in 1960, land in rural areas was largely governed according to customary law and practices. In 2009, the government adopted the Rural Land Tenure Law, which recognizes customary rules and practices and decentralizes land management.  It also enables legal recognition of individual possession rights and collective land rights, land transfers through inheritance, and land loans. While gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution, rural women’s land rights are constrained by customary practices in which men’s property is passed onto male relatives.

Some of the main land-related issues in the country include: implementation of the new Rural Land Tenure Law, land disputes, climate change, and artisanal mining.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    Displaying 1 - 6 of 62

    Tenure and Investment in Africa

    Array ( [value] => 2017-02-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    This synthesis of our findings from an investigation of tenure risk in East, West, and Southern Africa, shows that a majority of tenure disputes are caused by the displacement of local peoples, indicating that companies and investors are not doing enough to understand competing claims to the land they acquire or lease. This failure in diligence is particularly noteworthy given that a majority of the disputes analyzed had materially significant impacts: indeed, a higher proportion of projects in Africa are financially impacted by tenure dispute than any other region in the world. 

    Resource information

    February 2017

    Population dynamics and rural development in Burkina Faso

    Array ( [value] => 2011-01-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Labour migration, primarily to Côte d’Ivoire, masked the high rate of natural population growth in Burkina Faso for many years. However, since a political crisis began in this neighbouring country in late 1999, many Burkinabe have returned home. This posed major challenges, especially for rural areas. In the south of the country, shrewd population policy and appropriate rural development programmes have been e? ective in meeting these challenges.

    Resource information

    January 2011

    Stone lines against desertification - a success story from Burkina Faso

    Array ( [value] => 2011-01-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Burkina Faso is already using all its possible farmland. In future the only way to feed the rapidly growing population will be by increasing yields on existing land. Building stone contour lines enables rainwater to be better used and slows erosion.

    Resource information

    January 2011

    Strengthening family farms: a path to follow in combatting poverty in Africa

    Array ( [value] => 2016-09-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    A project in Burkina Faso has given a clear demonstration of what supporting family farms can achieve in terms of poverty alleviation and rural development. One important success factor was the transfer of land to farmers, accompanied by a secure land-tenure policy adapted to their needs.

    Resource information

    September 2016