Burkina Faso

BFA

Burkina Faso

Located in Western Africa, Burkina Faso is a landlocked country to the north of Ghana. Eighty percent of the population is rural, making a living primarily through agriculture, livestock and forestry on small family farms. Cotton is the main cash crop, and cotton and gold are the country’s main exports.

The country is subject to endemic droughts, which along with land use changes, population pressures, and land tenure insecurity have contributed to food shortages. Almost half of the population lives in poverty.

After declaring its independence from France in 1960, land in rural areas was largely governed according to customary law and practices. In 2009, the government adopted the Rural Land Tenure Law, which recognizes customary rules and practices and decentralizes land management.  It also enables legal recognition of individual possession rights and collective land rights, land transfers through inheritance, and land loans. While gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution, rural women’s land rights are constrained by customary practices in which men’s property is passed onto male relatives.

Some of the main land-related issues in the country include: implementation of the new Rural Land Tenure Law, land disputes, climate change, and artisanal mining.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
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    • Not adopted
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    By: Paola Totaro
    Date: August 9th 2016
    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 681
    Tenure and Investment in Africa cover image
    Reports & Research
    February 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Cameroon
    Burkina Faso
    Liberia
    Mali
    Senegal

    This synthesis of our findings from an investigation of tenure risk in East, West, and Southern Africa, shows that a majority of tenure disputes are caused by the displacement of local peoples, indicating that companies and investors are not doing enough to understand competing claims to the land they acquire or lease. This failure in diligence is particularly noteworthy given that a majority of the disputes analyzed had materially significant impacts: indeed, a higher proportion of projects in Africa are financially impacted by tenure dispute than any other region in the world. 

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Equatorial Guinea
    Kenya
    Burundi
    Namibia
    Swaziland
    Tonga
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Congo
    Cameroon
    Rwanda
    South Africa
    Central African Republic
    Botswana
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Chad
    Gabon
    Africa

    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.1
    Session: Sess. 20

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Burkina Faso
    Honduras
    Kenya
    Iraq
    Mali
    Guatemala
    Ghana
    Iran
    Djibouti
    Malawi
    Costa Rica
    Niger
    Mozambique
    Pakistan
    Nicaragua
    Belize
    Oman
    Myanmar
    Cuba
    Kiribati
    France

    Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
    Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/11
    Session: Sess.16

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Kenya
    Burkina Faso
    Tanzania
    South Africa
    Uganda
    Mali
    Indonesia
    Botswana
    Ghana
    India
    Malawi
    Ethiopia
    Africa

    Migration between rural locations is prevalent in many developing countries and has been found to improve economic well-being in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper explores the pathways through which intra-rural migration affects well-being in rural Tanzania. Specifically, we investigate whether such migration enables migrants to access more land, higher quality land, or greater off-farm income generating opportunities that may, in turn, translate into improved well-being.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Angola
    Fiji
    Honduras
    Nepal
    Zambia
    Gambia
    Burkina Faso
    China
    Namibia
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Bolivia
    Congo
    Guinea
    Malawi
    Niger
    Mozambique
    Liberia
    Uganda
    India
    Togo
    Kenya

    Desde las décadas de 1970 y 1980, la forestería comunitaria ha ido adquiriendo cada vez más popularidad, a partir del concepto de que las comunidades locales, cuando se les conceden suficientes derechos de propiedad sobre los bosques colectivos locales, pueden organizarse de forma autónoma y crear instituciones locales a fin de reglamentar el uso de los recursos naturales y manejarlos de forma sostenible.