2017-02-16 00:00:002010-12-31 00:00:002007-05-01 00:00:002013-12-01 00:00:002008-12-31 00:00:002009-12-31 00:00:002010-12-31 00:00:00 AGO | Land Portal





Land tenure in Angola has been strongly affected by 27 years of civil war that disrupted customary rights and land allocation while forcing rural communities from their land. As a consequence, agricultural production strongly declined, the country became dependent on imports and humanitarian aid to feed its population and more than half of the population (57%) moved from rural to urban areas, concentrated in informal settlements without adequate services.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the government has sovereignty over all territory, water, air space, soil and subsoil; all natural resources, including land, are property of the state. Only the state has the authority to grant use-rights. The land Law of 2004 (Lei da Terra de Angola) re-states the government's ultimate authority over land and natural resources, and it includes a provision that people occupying unregistered property must register their land within three years of the enactment of the supporting regulations, which in reality have not been fully implemented. Moreover, land administration institutions have not been developed in most provinces.

In general, the population is unaware of formal land laws and customary law continues to regulate land use and access. Land is usually held by a community and administered by a traditional leader or a village elder. However, land disputes and conflicts are common in areas where there is a mix of land rights, the population is in flux or the area is near an urban or peri-urban center because of government land expropriation and attendant evictions, boundary disputes, non-local assertions of rights to land, access by marginalized groups such as widows and divorced women, ambiguity in nature of land rights held, land speculation and land grabbing. 


Source of the narrative

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Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    EUA Oferecem bolsas de mestrado gratuitas- saiba como concorrer (Angola)

    Array ( [value] => 2017-02-16 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )
    Thursday, February 16, 2017

    A embaixada dos EUA em Angola está a desafiar os estudantes angolanos, com diploma de licenciatura, a inscreverem-se no Programa de Bolsas de Estudo Fulbright, que anualmente oferece a mais de 1.800 cidadãos estrangeiros a possibilidade de estudarem nos EUA a custo zero.

    De acordo com a mensagem, as vagas existentes referem-se ao ano lectivo 2018/19 e o prazo limite para submissão de candidaturas termina a 14 de Abril de 2017.


    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Source: ANGOP
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:10 - Updated Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:30

    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Matala - Over 20,000 hectares of land have been made available for national and foreign entrepreneurs interested in investing in the agricultural sector in Matala Municipality, southern Huila Province, informed on Monday the Matala administrator, Miguel Vicente.

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde

    The government of Angola granted a plot of 7,000 hectares in Kwanza Sul province to Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) for agricultural development, said Thursday the Cape Verdean ambassador to Angola, Francisco Veiga.
    The ambassador, at the end of a courtesy visit to the governor of Kwanza Sul, Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, said the government would now consider what to produce on the land but said that maize production from improved seeds was one of the priority crops.



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    Array ( [value] => 2007-05-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Since its independence in 1975, and most notably in the last decade, Angola has struggled to create a legal framework adequate to address the complex issues relating to the country’s land. In 2004, the country enacted a new land law1 that sought to strengthen perceived areas of weakness in prior legislation. The new law delineated and expanded a range of land rights available by concession and recognized some measure of traditional land rights.

    Resource information

    May 2007

    Green revolution with black gold

    Array ( [value] => 2013-12-01 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Last year Angola earned 48 billion US dollars from petroleum. Yet the country that was once Africa’s largest agricultural producer is reduced to importing food. Now the government and private investors want to develop the agricultural sector, in the hope that Angola could become a new Brazil. But will there still be room for small-scale farmers?

    Resource information

    December 2013

    Women’s Land Rights in Post-Colonial Angola

    Array ( [value] => 2008-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    Full citation: Nielsen, R., "Women's Land Rights in Post-Colonial Angola," 125 RDI REPORT (July 2008).

    Resource information

    December 2008

    Report of the “Circle of Learning on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture”

    Array ( [value] => 2009-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    This is a resource from the Resource Equity LandWise database of resources.

    Resource information

    December 2009

    Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Angola

    Array ( [value] => 2010-12-31 00:00:00 [timezone] => Europe/Rome [timezone_db] => Europe/Rome [date_type] => datetime )

    This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

    Resource information

    December 2010