Angola

AGO

Angola

Land tenure in Angola has been strongly affected by 27 years of civil war that disrupted customary rights and land allocation while forcing rural communities from their land. As a consequence, agricultural production strongly declined, the country became dependent on imports and humanitarian aid to feed its population and more than half of the population (57%) moved from rural to urban areas, concentrated in informal settlements without adequate services.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the government has sovereignty over all territory, water, air space, soil and subsoil; all natural resources, including land, are property of the state. Only the state has the authority to grant use-rights. The land Law of 2004 (Lei da Terra de Angola) re-states the government's ultimate authority over land and natural resources, and it includes a provision that people occupying unregistered property must register their land within three years of the enactment of the supporting regulations, which in reality have not been fully implemented. Moreover, land administration institutions have not been developed in most provinces.

In general, the population is unaware of formal land laws and customary law continues to regulate land use and access. Land is usually held by a community and administered by a traditional leader or a village elder. However, land disputes and conflicts are common in areas where there is a mix of land rights, the population is in flux or the area is near an urban or peri-urban center because of government land expropriation and attendant evictions, boundary disputes, non-local assertions of rights to land, access by marginalized groups such as widows and divorced women, ambiguity in nature of land rights held, land speculation and land grabbing. 

 

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    16 February 2017
    Angola

    A embaixada dos EUA em Angola está a desafiar os estudantes angolanos, com diploma de licenciatura, a inscreverem-se no Programa de Bolsas de Estudo Fulbright, que anualmente oferece a mais de 1.800 cidadãos estrangeiros a possibilidade de estudarem nos EUA a custo zero.

    De acordo com a mensagem, as vagas existentes referem-se ao ano lectivo 2018/19 e o prazo limite para submissão de candidaturas termina a 14 de Abril de 2017.

    PHOTO: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Angola

    Source: ANGOP
    Photo: JOSÉ KRITHINAS
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:10 - Updated Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:30

    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Matala - Over 20,000 hectares of land have been made available for national and foreign entrepreneurs interested in investing in the agricultural sector in Matala Municipality, southern Huila Province, informed on Monday the Matala administrator, Miguel Vicente.

    Angola

    By: Maka Angola
    Date: January 29th 2016
    Source: AllAfrica.com

    ANALYSIS

    Angolan investigative journalist and human rights defender Rafael Marques de Morais has submitted a complaint to the Office of the Attorney General about the behaviour of notorious Kwanza-Sul Governor, General Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, for illegal land-grabbing.

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde
    Angola
    Cape Verde

    The government of Angola granted a plot of 7,000 hectares in Kwanza Sul province to Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) for agricultural development, said Thursday the Cape Verdean ambassador to Angola, Francisco Veiga.
     
    The ambassador, at the end of a courtesy visit to the governor of Kwanza Sul, Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, said the government would now consider what to produce on the land but said that maize production from improved seeds was one of the priority crops.
     

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 141
    The recognition of the customary land rights: lessons from the Province of Bié in Angola cover image
    Conference Papers & Reports
    July 2017
    Angola

    Effective recognition of customary land rights is still a challenge in Angola, as in many other African countries. Despite customary land rights of the traditional rural communities are expressly recognized in the 2004 National Land Law, very few communities in Angola have been able to register their land. In the Province of Bié, in Angola central highlands, only five customary collective land titles (called Dominio Util Consuetudinario) had been issued within the period 2004-2015.

    Journal Articles & Books
    June 2017
    Angola

    Suplemento do Jornal de Angola sobre agricultura e desenvolvimento

    Manuals & Guidelines
    June 2017
    Mozambique
    Angola
    Sao Tome and Principe
    Cape Verde
    Guinea-Bissau
    Brazil
    Timor-Leste
    Portugal
    CPLP countries

    Diretrizes de Apoio e Promoção da Agricultura Familiar nos Estados membros da CPLP aprovadas na II Reunião extraordinária do Conselho Regional de Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional da CPLP (CONSAN-CPLP)

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Angola
    Fiji
    Honduras
    Nepal
    Zambia
    Gambia
    Burkina Faso
    China
    Namibia
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Bolivia
    Congo
    Guinea
    Malawi
    Niger
    Mozambique
    Liberia
    Uganda
    India
    Togo
    Kenya

    Desde las décadas de 1970 y 1980, la forestería comunitaria ha ido adquiriendo cada vez más popularidad, a partir del concepto de que las comunidades locales, cuando se les conceden suficientes derechos de propiedad sobre los bosques colectivos locales, pueden organizarse de forma autónoma y crear instituciones locales a fin de reglamentar el uso de los recursos naturales y manejarlos de forma sostenible.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Angola
    Burkina Faso
    Benin
    Nigeria
    Gambia
    Chile
    China
    Indonesia
    Ghana
    Guinea
    Malawi
    Costa Rica
    Liberia
    Uganda
    Madagascar
    Tunisia
    India
    Senegal
    Chad
    Georgia
    Vietnam
    Asia
    Africa
    Americas

    Los bosques y los árboles respaldan la agricultura sostenible. Estabilizan los suelos y el clima, regulan los flujos de agua, ofrecen sombra y refugio y proporcionan un hábitat a los polinizadores y los depredadores naturales de plagas agrícolas. Asimismo, contribuyen a la seguridad alimentaria de cientos de millones de personas, para quienes constituyen fuentes importantes de alimentos, energía e ingresos. Sin embargo, la agricultura sigue siendo el principal factor de la deforestación a nivel mundial y, a menudo, las políticas agrícolas, forestales y de tierras no casan.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Angola
    Mozambique
    Liberia
    Kenya
    South Africa
    Uganda
    South Sudan
    Sudan
    Ethiopia

    This note focuses on the topic of access to land and land governance in protracted crises, providing some possible solutions illustrated by case studies from FAO interventions in such contexts. Protracted crisis represent a signal of alert on the fact that approaches proposed so far where not enough to deal with such a complexity. This is why a renewed thinking is needed, based on the concrete observations of local dynamics, making an effort to understand the positions and interests of the many diverse parties involved and moving out from a sectorial vision, towards a more holistic one.