Land tenure in Angola has been strongly affected by 27 years of civil war that disrupted customary rights and land allocation while forcing rural communities from their land. As a consequence, agricultural production strongly declined, the country became dependent on imports and humanitarian aid to feed its population and more than half of the population (57%) moved from rural to urban areas, concentrated in informal settlements without adequate services.

According to the 1992 Constitution, the government has sovereignty over all territory, water, air space, soil and subsoil; all natural resources, including land, are property of the state. Only the state has the authority to grant use-rights. The land Law of 2004 (Lei da Terra de Angola) re-states the government's ultimate authority over land and natural resources, and it includes a provision that people occupying unregistered property must register their land within three years of the enactment of the supporting regulations, which in reality have not been fully implemented. Moreover, land administration institutions have not been developed in most provinces.

In general, the population is unaware of formal land laws and customary law continues to regulate land use and access. Land is usually held by a community and administered by a traditional leader or a village elder. However, land disputes and conflicts are common in areas where there is a mix of land rights, the population is in flux or the area is near an urban or peri-urban center because of government land expropriation and attendant evictions, boundary disputes, non-local assertions of rights to land, access by marginalized groups such as widows and divorced women, ambiguity in nature of land rights held, land speculation and land grabbing. 


Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    16 February 2017

    A embaixada dos EUA em Angola está a desafiar os estudantes angolanos, com diploma de licenciatura, a inscreverem-se no Programa de Bolsas de Estudo Fulbright, que anualmente oferece a mais de 1.800 cidadãos estrangeiros a possibilidade de estudarem nos EUA a custo zero.

    De acordo com a mensagem, as vagas existentes referem-se ao ano lectivo 2018/19 e o prazo limite para submissão de candidaturas termina a 14 de Abril de 2017.


    Source: ANGOP
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:10 - Updated Mon, 11 Apr 2016 13:30

    Huila: Matala administration makes available 20,000 hectares for agriculture

    Matala - Over 20,000 hectares of land have been made available for national and foreign entrepreneurs interested in investing in the agricultural sector in Matala Municipality, southern Huila Province, informed on Monday the Matala administrator, Miguel Vicente.


    By: Maka Angola
    Date: January 29th 2016


    Angolan investigative journalist and human rights defender Rafael Marques de Morais has submitted a complaint to the Office of the Attorney General about the behaviour of notorious Kwanza-Sul Governor, General Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, for illegal land-grabbing.

    Angola grants 7,000 hectares of land to Cabo Verde
    Cape Verde

    The government of Angola granted a plot of 7,000 hectares in Kwanza Sul province to Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) for agricultural development, said Thursday the Cape Verdean ambassador to Angola, Francisco Veiga.
    The ambassador, at the end of a courtesy visit to the governor of Kwanza Sul, Eusébio de Brito Teixeira, said the government would now consider what to produce on the land but said that maize production from improved seeds was one of the priority crops.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 140
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012

    Angola's four decades of civil war continue to have a profound effect on the country's recovery and development. While the end to the war in 2002 and the subsequent extraction of natural resources has fueled the country's economic recovery for a minority, for the majority recovery depends less on natural resource extraction than it does on acquiring and maintaining secure access to land and property upon which viable livelihoods can be rebuilt.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    March 2013

    Water is both a key and limited resource in the Okavango Catchment of Southern Africa. It is vital for the ecosystem and the three riparian states Angola, Botswana and Namibia who use the water of the catchment for multiple purposes including pastoralism, farming and tourism. Socioeconomic changes, primarily strong population growth and increasing development demands pose significant challenges for the Okavango Catchment and its Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). In this paper, we first review the socioeconomic background and the current and projected water situation.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2015

    Angola e a FAO têm colaborado intensamente desde que o país passou a fazer parte da organização em 1977, com uma ampla assistência oferecida através de mais de 230 projetos de desenvolvimento. Devido aos 27 anos de guerra civil no país, as primeiras intervenções concentraram-se em assistência de emergência, incluindo o reassentamento de famílias vulneráveis nas áreas rurais e a provisão de insumos agrícolas para a rápida retomada da produção de alimentos.