Due to decades of political and economic instability, the management and ownership of land in Afghanistan is complex, characterized by insecure land rights and extensive land conflict. Approximately one quarter to one third of rural families own no land and a significant number live in landlord houses.

The Constitution, enacted in 2004, established a legal framework for property rights. The 2007 Land Policy clarified land rights administration and institutional authority. The Law on Managing Land Affairs of 2008 represents a direct consequence of the Afghanistan National Land Policy of 2007, whose main objectives are to ensure every Afghan access to land, the promotion of an efficient land tenure system, the promotion of the optimal use of natural resources and the efficiency of land markets.

Despite the new land legislation and policies, land rights in Afghanistan remain highly insecure, particularly in rural areas, because of disputes related to access and rights to land and water, competing interests over the same land, the lack of directives related to the use of non-agricultural land and the failure of the Afghan land law to recognize the ownership of off-farm resources. 

Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

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    In my native Colombia, the cloud forests of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta have been described as holding the most important concentration of threatened wildlife on Earth. These forests are also the ancestral home of the Koguis, an indigenous group now numbering around 10,000 individuals.


    By Zabihullah Noori
    Date: October 11th 2016
    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

    In conservative Afghanistan, properties usually registered to men but there are plans to issue joint ownership rights to married couples

    LONDON, Oct 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Afghan women should benefit from a project to issue property titles to homeowners in Kabul, where more than two-thirds of the houses have no formal planning approval, the head of the government's land authority said on Tuesday.

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    If there’s one thing we learned from January’s historic Women’s March, it’s that women are fed up of waiting. More than 3 million people – of all genders – marched worldwide for women’s rights, spurred on by US President Donald Trump’s misogynistic remarks and the growing backlash against women’s human rights around the world.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 489
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    In this study, we have attempted to develop a land suitability model for saffron, an agronomic crop, which is economically viable, environmentally bearable and socially equitable at Khost Province of Afghanistan. The objective was to determine different land suitability classes for saffron cultivation using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic Information System (GIS). A decision tree was developed encompassing the physical, economic and social criteria.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    The rangeland resources of Pakistan constitute around 60 percent of the land area of Pakistan. This resource supports millions of livestock which are important for the livelihood food security and nutrition of poor rural people. Currently the resource is in a deteriorating condition and the current productivity is far less than its potential. Therefore, the information collected and available in this book will help in the management of rangeland resources. The book contains rangelan- related information from all the provinces/region of the country.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016

    Slovakia joined the Organization in 1993. During the 1990s FAO assistance in the country was focused mainly on forestry and integrated pest management (IPM). The Organization also provided technical support for the development and harmonization of national policies, particularly in the area of forestry and agriculture. Today Slovakia is a resource partner, providing support to a number of activities in the areas of FAO’s mandate, including forestry and food safety.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016

    The Land Cover Atlas of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was initially prepared in the framework of the FA O Government Cooperative Programme under the auspices of the project on “Strengthening Agricultural Economics, Market Information and Statistics Services”. The project was formulated upon the request from the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and funded by the European Commission. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FA O) provided technical assistance as the executing agency in close cooperation with all parties.

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016

    Le monde s’est engagé à éliminer la pauvreté extrême et la famine d’ici à 2030 et s’engage résolument sur la voie de la durabilité. Les changements climatiques risquent d’anéantir les progrès accomplis jusqu’à présent face à la faim et à la pauvreté. Si l’on ne lutte pas contre eux, ils pourraient mettre en péril la capacité des systèmes agricoles à assurer la sécurité alimentaire à l’échelon mondial. Les changements climatiques mettent en danger les moyens de subsistance et la sécurité alimentaire des pauvres qui vivent en milieu rural.