Afghanistan

Afganistan

English

Due to decades of political and economic instability, the management and ownership of land in Afghanistan is complex, characterized by insecure land rights and extensive land conflict. Approximately one quarter to one third of rural families own no land and a significant number live in landlord houses.

The Constitution, enacted in 2004, established a legal framework for property rights. The 2007 Land Policy clarified land rights administration and institutional authority. The Law on Managing Land Affairs of 2008 represents a direct consequence of the Afghanistan National Land Policy of 2007, whose main objectives are to ensure every Afghan access to land, the promotion of an efficient land tenure system, the promotion of the optimal use of natural resources and the efficiency of land markets.

Despite the new land legislation and policies, land rights in Afghanistan remain highly insecure, particularly in rural areas, because of disputes related to access and rights to land and water, competing interests over the same land, the lack of directives related to the use of non-agricultural land and the failure of the Afghan land law to recognize the ownership of off-farm resources. 

Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Indigenous representatives campaign to draw attention to the plight of tribes facing climate change at the conference in Paris last year. Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

If you want to tackle carbon emissions let indigenous people control their land

Global leaders must acknowledge that land and forests owned and managed by local communities are more likely to prevent deforestation and deliver greater carbon storage

In my native Colombia, the cloud forests of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta have been described as holding the most important concentration of threatened wildlife on Earth. These forests are also the ancestral home of the Koguis, an indigenous group now numbering around 10,000 individuals.

Afghan women to be given 'fair share' in property rights drive - land authority

By Zabihullah Noori
Date: October 11th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

In conservative Afghanistan, properties usually registered to men but there are plans to issue joint ownership rights to married couples

LONDON, Oct 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Afghan women should benefit from a project to issue property titles to homeowners in Kabul, where more than two-thirds of the houses have no formal planning approval, the head of the government's land authority said on Tuesday.

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Library

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Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Afghanistan

This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

Resource information

December 2010