Eastern Europe

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
May 2009
Vietnam
Kyrgyzstan
China
Russia
Kazakhstan
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia
Eastern Asia
Oceania

This paper analyzes the political and institutional factors which are behind the dramatic changes in distortions to agricultural incentives in the transition countries in East Asia, Central Asia, and the rest of the former Soviet Union, and in Central and Eastern Europe. The paper explains why these changes have occurred and why there are large differences among transition countries in the extent and the nature of the remaining distortions.

Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
November 2009
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

This report provides an overview of the challenges and opportunities in addressing road safety in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region.

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
November 2016
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

Today, nearly half of youth in the six South East European countries (SEE6) are not in the labor market, and one quarter is inactive—not in employment, education, or training. These poor outcomes partly reflect a difficult recovery in SEE6 from the 2008 global financial crisis, which sent already high youth unemployment soaring to new heights. This paper presents 10 evidence-based messages on the youth employment challenges in SEE6. The 10 messages demonstrate that many factors disproportionately affect jobless youth.

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
November 2016
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

Today, nearly half of youth in the six South East European countries (SEE6) are not in the labor market, and one quarter is inactive—not in employment, education, or training. These poor outcomes partly reflect a difficult recovery in SEE6 from the 2008 global financial crisis, which sent already high youth unemployment soaring to new heights. This paper presents 10 evidence-based messages on the youth employment challenges in SEE6. The 10 messages demonstrate that many factors disproportionately affect jobless youth.

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
August 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Serbia
Slovenia
Montenegro
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

This report presents the water and climate adaptation plan (WATCAP) developed for the Sava river basin (SRB) as result of a study undertaken by the World Bank. The WATCAP is intended to help to bridge the gap between the climate change predictions for the SRB and the decision makers in current and planned water management investment projects that will be affected by changing climate trends.

Reports & Research
Training Resources & Tools
August 2015
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Serbia
Slovenia
Montenegro
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

This report presents the water and climate adaptation plan (WATCAP) developed for the Sava river basin (SRB) as result of a study undertaken by the World Bank. The WATCAP is intended to help to bridge the gap between the climate change predictions for the SRB and the decision makers in current and planned water management investment projects that will be affected by changing climate trends.

Reports & Research
June 2004
Eastern Europe
Europe
Central Asia

This study, perhaps the first of its kind in this region, is based on a study that explores the practice of casual sex among truck drivers, and commercial sex workers in the border areas of the Baltic region at a point of time, and, uses this evidence to extrapolate the potential impact on the spread of HIV/AIDS in these countries. While the threat of an HIV/AIDS epidemic cannot be taken lightly in any country of the Europe and Central Asia region, four countries - Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia - stand out as being particularly vulnerable.

Conference Papers & Reports
December 2008
Hungary
Eastern Europe
Asia
Northern America
Central Asia

Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally plannedeconomic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural andrural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structuralchanges with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate ofsuccess in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food andagricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition"in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central EastEuropean countries.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Eastern Europe

To assess future interactions between the environment and human well-being, spatially explicit ecosystem service models are needed. Currently available models mainly focus on provisioning services and do not distinguish changes in the functioning of the ecosystem (Ecosystem Functions – ESFs) and human use of such functions (Ecosystem Services – ESSs). This limits the insight on the impact of global change on human well-being. We present a set of models for assessing ESFs and ESSs.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2008
Hungary
Eastern Europe

Following the rent free land use by large-scale farms under the communist regime, it was hoped that the restoration of private ownership of land and land-auctions would revive the land market and that the market would establish real land prices and farm rents in Central and Eastern Europe. In the majority of the former socialist countries of Central Europe the primary land privatization method was restitution to pre-war owners.