ASEAN-FAO cooperation on food security, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and sustainable development was first formalized through an exchange of letters between the ASEAN Secretariat and FAO from 1999-2000. Since then, FAO has been actively collaborating with ASEAN in a number of regional projects and activities.
With 48% forest cover, the Greater Mekong Subregion still has large areas of forest remaining. The area of primary forest is, however, low and falling, while large tracts of forest are highly degraded and forest planting rates remain low in most countries. Reinvestment in forests is necessary to maintain wood and timber production, support biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation, revitalise rural economies and protect against natural hazards and the impacts of climatic alterations. For a greener future, investment in forestry is essential.
Does forest tenure matter? In what way does it matter? What are the links among tenure, sustainable forest management (SFM) and poverty alleviation (PA)? This paper presents the main findings of research that was conducted by FAO and partners from the Asia Forest Partnership with the aim of analysing and understanding the role of tenure arrangements, their enabling impacts and their limitations. The paper presents a summary of different tenure instruments’ performance in supporting SFM and PA, and provides recommendations for more effective forest tenure systems.
Projections reveal that to sustain the likely world population in the year 2000, an increase of 60 percent in agricultural production will be required. "Is there sufficient land to meet these needs?" becomes the overriding question. However, little precise information exists on which to base a reliable answer. Previous appraisals of the global extents of arable lands, to support present and future human populations, vary from 3 to 7 thousand million hectares. Estimates of the populations these lands can support, vary from 7.5 to 40 thousand million.
Investments in water have played a critical role in promoting socio-economic development in rural Asia. Sustainable management of water resources remains a prerequisite for development and reducing poverty and hunger. Water is a key factor affecting agricultural production and reduction of rural poverty. Most small farmers live in areas with poor natural resource conditions, where water-related constraints are a root cause of low production and increasing vulnerability to natural disasters and climate variability.
This Decision approves the planning for the development of Viet Nam’s coastal economic zones.The aims of this Decision are to: develop coastal economic zones in order to boost overall development along Viet Nam’s coastline by paying attention to environmental protection; ensure the effective use of land, water surface and space in coastal economic zones; etc.
This Law provides for the conservation of wetlands and their flora and fauna, especially waterfowl, by combining far-sighted national policies with coordinated international action. Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen or water, whether natural or artificial, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt; waterfowl are birds ecologically dependent on wetlands.
This Law, consisting of 80 articles divided into XIII Chapters, provides for the spatial management within Republic of Indonesia, based on the following principles: a) integrity; b) compatibility, harmony and balance; c) sustainability; d) productivity and profitability; e) openness; f) togetherness and partnership; g) protection of public interest; h) legality and justice; and i) accountability.
Agricultural land is allocated to specified subjects whose main source of income is agriculture, aquaculture of the winning of salt. Article 2 defines "agricultural land". Land shall be allocated for 20 years if used for planting of "annual trees" or aquaculture and 50 years if used for planting of "perennial trees". Article 5 specifies how much land can be allocated, depending on where the land is situated. Article 15 concerns the management of public land.
This Act, consisting of 411 articles divided into 27 Chapters, establishes composition, duties and responsibilities of the Local Government. It specifies implementation of government affairs which will be carried out by the local government as well as related legislation according to the principles of autonomy and assistance with the broad autonomy within the system and the principles of the Republic of Indonesia as defined in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1945.