Africa

Reports & Research
February 2015

This publication presents the scientific background of the SHARP tool. The Self‑evaluation and Holistic Assessment of climate Resilience of farmers and Pastoralists (SHARP) tool was developed over two years with the participation of over 150 academics, practitioners and civil society. SHARP was also field tested in Angola, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal and Uganda with farmers and pastoralists. It has been recognized that there is a need to both provide a rigorous assessment of the resilience of farmers and pastoralists, while also incorporating the views and needs of those people.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2004

This report is the outcome of a study undertaken on men and women’s access to and control over land in seven districts of the Volta Region in Ghana. The study evolved out of a need for increased insight into gender differences in access to and control over land and the implications of insecure access to land for households within the Volta Region of Ghana. The objective of the study was to obtain an improved understanding of gender-specific constraints that exist in the Volta Region with regard to land tenure.

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2015

La République de Djibouti et la FAO n’ont cessé d’intensifier leur coopération depuis l’ouverture de la représentation de l’Organisation dans le pays en 2008. De nombreux domaines, comme la production agricole, animale et halieutique ont bénéficié de l’aide de la FAO. Au cours de la dernière décennie, le pays a été touché par une série de grandes sécheresses qui ont eu de graves répercussions sur les moyens de subsistance, en particulier dans les communautés rurales.

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2016

关于《2016年世界森林状况》报告的宣传单。</p> 森林和树木为农业可持续发展提供支持。森林和树木固定土壤、稳定气候,调解水流,提供荫蔽和居所,为传粉昆虫和动物以及农业有害生物天敌提供栖息地。森林和树木还为亿万民众的粮食安全做出贡献,为其提供食物、能源和收入。然而,农业依然是全球毁林的主要驱动因素;同时,农业、林业和土地政策往往存在分歧。</p><p> 《世界森林状况2016》发现,在提升农业生产力和粮食安全的同时,我们可以做到遏制甚至扭转毁林趋势,其中特别突出介绍了哥斯达黎加、智利、冈比亚、格鲁吉亚、加纳、突尼斯和越南的情况。土地利用综合规划是平衡各项土地用途的关键,同时以正确的政策手段为基础,促进可持续森林和农业发展。

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2015

Нормально функционирующие почвы играют ключевую роль в снабжении чистой водой и в обеспечении устойчивости к наводнениям и засухам. Благодаря своей водопроницаемости почва задерживает содержащиеся в воде загрязняющие вещества и препятствует их выщелачиванию в грунтовые воды. Кроме того, почва удерживает и сохраняет воду, обеспечивая ее доступность для сельскохозяйственных культур и, тем самым, сводит к минимуму испарение с поверхности и максимально повышает эффективность и производительность водопользования.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2013

This report contains the proceedings of the first workshop of an EC funded project designed to help Malawi obtain the tools, knowledge and capacities to adopt, advance, scale up and roll out solutions towards Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). The aim of the workshop was to produce qualitative scenarios of Malawi's socio-economic futures, which will help make the analysis and quantitative modelling around CSA more robust and comprehensive.

Reports & Research
December 2008

Documento de trabajo sobre tenencia de la tierra 6. Este documento ofrece una evaluación del estado de la gobernanza de la tenencia de la tierra y recursos naturales en África occidental, comparando las políticas, legislaciones y prácticas nacionales con los principales criterios y normas de una buena gobernanza. El estudio identifica los desafíos a los que los Estados deben hacer frente aunque reconoce también las buenas prácticas e iniciativas emprendidas en materia de gobernanza de la tenencia de la tierra y recursos naturales.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2000

A medium-size report that describes the overall situation of data on fuelwood in Eritrea. The report starts with a broad introductory part dealing with the country's characteristics. The second part states the country's forest resources while making a distinction between the natural forests and forest plantations. The third part gives some information on timber and pole production while the following part analyses fuelwood supply and consumption. The last parts of the report are discussion topics, a conclusion and recommendations.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2010

The impacts of natural disasters such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and tsunamis have been increasing steadily since the 1950’s, particularly for developing countries. According to a World Bank external evaluation report “natural disasters destroyed US$652 billion in property worldwide in the 1990s alone – an amount 15 times higher in real terms compared to the 1950s. Approximately 2.6 billion people were affected by natural disasters over the past ten years, compared to 1.6 billion in the previous decade.